For most of the Africans they change they wanted to see after independence were economic. The problem is the economy that the Europeans left behind. Europeans left Africa in worse shape when it comes to the economy then before they came. The European abused the Africans they tricked them into thinking they were there to help, but that was not the case. They used their resources for their own benefit.
There is an ongoing debate on how the current political and economic failures in Africa can be traced back to the advent of colonialism. There is a great deal of evidence that illustrates the impact that colonialism and foreign intervention has had a negative effect on the development of present history of Africa. This essay will attempt to examine the geographic, political and ethnic impact European colonialism has played on the development of the African, and how these contributions have put Africa on its current trajectory. Initial European interest in Africa appeared humanitarian. Many of the imperial nations seemed interested in acting on behalf of Africa, on issues ranging from the prohibition of slavery to development and infrastructure projects.
Because of this takeover, imperialism brought both positive and negative effects to Africa. One major factor in beginning imperialism in Africa was the end of the slave trade because this was how Europe was making most of their money during the 18th century. If revenue was not being brought in through the slave trade, other “products” (formerly humans) had to be traded. Greed was why Europeans could overlook the “disease, political instability, lack of transportation, and the generally unhealthy climate” (Duiker & Spielvogel 620) of Africa. If some of these off-putting factors such as transportation could be changed by the Europeans occupying Africa, then why not occupy it?
As a result, Africa was desperate to be relevant again, their economy depended on it. Because of the ban on the slave trade, there was a sudden demographic collapse of middle aged persons, which was also counterproductive to the growth of the continent. Before the scramble, Africa was naturally
There are some that prefer to also look at the positive aspects of colonialism, and that colonial governments did a lot to benefit Africans. It is my view, along with many others, that “Colonialism had only one hand – it was a one-armed bandit” (Rodney, 205) Africa on the eve of colonialism was a much different Africa than many would think. After nearly three centuries of the slave trade, Africa... ... middle of paper ... ...'s colonization play book: oppress, squash any uprising, horde capital from the rural peasantry, and refuse to contribute to social services. To be frank, Europe left Africa in a state of disarray, and the fact that they did not help them to gradual self-rule was done on purpose: to continue a state of neocolonialism. When one looks at the political, social and economic factors, it becomes obvious that the state of Africa today is due to nearly a century of direct rule.
Africa lost many opportunities in development because of outside forces and the slave trade; they were simply too fragile to fight back. Another scholar, John Thornton, argued that despite Africa originally being influenced by outside forces, African societies had as much influence as Europe did on their own history. Although, Rodney argued that Africa had been greatly
In order to properly understand the effects of colonization, one must look at its history. Most of Africa was relatively isolated from Europe throughout early world history, but this changed during the 17th to the 20th centuries. Colonization efforts reached their peak between the 1870s and 1900 in the “Scramble for Africa” which left the continent resembling a jigsaw puzzle Various European powers managed to colonize Africa including Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Portugal, and Spain. This intense imperialist aggression had three major causes. The primary reason was simply for economic gain.
European Imperialism heavily impacted the African continent through culturally, economic, and political ideas. This era of history is heavily drenched in the aspect of ethnocentrism, which is the belief that one’s own culture is superior that of another. The Europeans colonized Africa believing that they could bring civilization, but they were often ignorant of Africa’s very complex societies. The European powers divided up the continent of Africa among themselves, without any consent from the people who actually lived there. The tribal stratification was changed to a caste system where racial, ethnic, and religious differences were of utmost importance, as delegated by European rule.
African leaders such as Julius Nyerere from Tanzania, Jomo Kenyatta from Kenya, Robert Sobukwe from South Africa and Kwame Nkrumah from Gold Coast currently Ghana. The main purpose of Pan-African movement was to establish independence for African nations though consolidating efforts and uniting all black throughout Africa (Francis, 2006). The efforts to decolonize Africa makes them autonomous was a step to the right direction, and many African leaders believed that they were going to succeed an... ... middle of paper ... ...ries still lag behind in terms of development because they lack technical know-how and other necessary facilities to enhance development (Mentan, 2010). Lastly, even after decolonization, Africa still experience poor leadership which is has led to civil wars and instability in different nations such as Somalia and Southern Sudan. In conclusion, decolonization refers to the process where nations try to establish and have autonomy to make their own political and economic decisions without interference from external pressure.
There were many reasons for the European countries to be competing against each other to gain colonies in Africa. One of the main reasons was that the Europeans believed that the more territory a country was able to control, the more powerful it could become and the more powerful it would be seen as by other countries. Other reasons for the desire to control African land included the many natural resources that could only be found in Africa, such as diamonds, gold, and as time progressed, rubber. It also provided new markets in surrounding places so that manufactured goods could be sold for a larger profit. The Europeans had many motives for imperialism in Africa.