Effects Of Child Care On Youth Development

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The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development conducted a study on early child care and how it affects youth development. Their main goal was to determine how differences in child care affected a child’s social, emotional, intellectual and language development along with their health and physical growth. This study lasted from 1991 to 2007 and collected data on child care experiences, family relationships and child development from 10 sites around the country. Children began the study when they were 1 month of age and completed four phases. The four phases were as follows: Phase I- ages 0-3 years, Phase II- through first grade, Phase III- through sixth grade and Phase IV-through ninth grade. Star One The NICHD study was based…show more content…
In-home care is when an adult, other than the mother, comes into the home and takes care of the child. This can be the father, grandparents, other relatives or a non-family member like a nanny. Child care homes are where an adult cares for the child in their own home, not the child’s home. Child care centers are where a child is taken care of in a non-home location like a traditional day care center. The study found that as children got older, they were more likely to spend time in some form of child care that was not provided by the mother. According to the study, child care by the mother decreased by 36 percent when the child was 6 months old, to 21 percent at the age of 3 and to 11 percent when the child was 4½ years old. The study also found that as children got older, there were changes in the type of care that the family chose. In-home care decreased as time went on and ended at 4 percent for children when they were 4½ years of age. As children grew older, they were increasingly sent to daycares up until the age of 4½. These statistics show that families altered the type of child care they relied on with the child’s age and when their needs…show more content…
17). One of these predictors was mother-child interactions. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development found that, “The more sensitive, responsive, attentive, and cognitively stimulating the mother was during observed interactions, the better the children’s outcomes” (2006, p. 23). According to the study, mothers in good mental health with higher education who live in economically advantaged households and who have a more positive outlook on life have been linked with better developmental outcomes. This shows how big of an impact a mother’s emotional sensitivity, the quality of the home environment, parents’ education, parents’ psychological adjustment and parents’ attitudes and beliefs have on a child and ultimately their

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