Physical abuse involves physical aggression toward a child by an adult. It may be inflicted by the parent of the child or even a stranger. Most nations with child abuse laws consider the deliberate infliction of serious injuries, or actions that place the child at obvious risk of serious injury or death, to be illegal. Bruises, scratches, burns, broken bones, and rough treatment that could cause physical injury, are examples of physical abuse. Multiple injuries at different stages of healing lead to suspicion of abuse. Physical abuse can come in many ways, although the differentiation between child discipline and abuse is often poorly defined. When it comes to discipline, it all depends on a certain extent where the situation can go from discipline…show more content… Sexual abuse refers to the participation of a child in a sexual act aimed toward the physical intercourse of the perpetrator. Forms of this particular abuse include asking or pressuring a child to engage in sexual activities, inappropriate exposure of the genitals to a child, actual sexual contact with a child, physical contact with the child 's genitals, viewing of the child 's genitalia without physical contact, displaying pornography to a child, or using a child to produce child pornography. Selling the sexual services of children is viewed and treated as child abuse.
Effects of child sexual abuse on the victim include guilt and self-blame, flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia, fear of things associated with the abuse, self-esteem issues, sexual dysfunction, chronic pain, addiction, self-injury, suicidal ideation, somatic complaints, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, other mental illnesses including borderline personality disorder and dissociative identity disorder, bulimia nervosa, and physical injury to the child, among other…show more content… A 1991 source reported that studies indicate that “90 percent of maltreating adults were maltreated as children. Almost 7 million American infants receive child care services, such as day care, and much of that care is poor.” Abused children can grow up experiencing insecurities, low self-esteem, and lack of development. Many abused children experience ongoing trust issues, trouble in school, and forming relationships. They can lack confidence or become anxious, appear to not have a close relationship with their parent, exhibit aggressive behavior or act negatively towards other children and animals. The long-term impact of emotional abuse has not been studied widely, but recent studies have begun to document its long-term consequences. Emotional abuse has been linked to increased depression, anxiety, and difficulties in and forming relationships. Victims of child abuse and neglect are more likely to commit crimes as juveniles and adults.
Overall, emotional effects caused by child abuse can result in long-term and short-term effects that ultimately affect a child 's development.
On the other hand, there are some children who are raised in the environment child abuse, but who manage to do unexpectedly well later in life. Every child has different personalities and their own way of thinking. However, being raised in such a sorrowful household during their childhood leads to them forming into maltreatment adults, which