He was first banned in 1952, and was finally arrested on 5 December 1995 due to his “radical activity” in the ANC (Nelson Mandela Biography, 2014). He actively directed many peaceful campaigns to raise the apartheid issue. He wanted to put an end to racist, unrespectable policies. In 1962, he even left South Africa secretly in order to seek support for his struggle in battling for freedom (Les Prix Nobel, 1993). This unexpected move caused him to be arrested once again.
Satyagraha “manifested in self-sacrificing, non-violent mass demonstrations, demanding that the persecutors recognize the immorality of their own position and ... ... middle of paper ... ...nd traveled with the poor he helped them feel connected with the other leaders of the movement. One of Gandhi’s greatest marches towards independence was the Salt March. The British had a monopoly on salt production and sale. Gandhi marched 241 miles to the beach and gathered his own salt and this led to hundreds of peasants doing the same. That is just another example of Gandhi going to jail for his cause.
The Salt March was a protest against the Salt Act, it was a crime to own salt if it wasn’t bought from the government. Gandhi used the non-violence organization, Satyagraha, and successfully led India to independence in 1947. (“Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand”). Gandhi’s time in South Africa motivated him to fight against discrimination wherever and whenever he encountered it. When Gandhi first arrived in South Africa he became victim of racial discrimination.
He was so disturbed by the unfairness of the British, he successfully won a lawsuit with the railroad company. From that point on, Gandhi became the number one spokesman for powerless non-whites all over the world. After twenty years of aiding his fellow Indians in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India and picked up the fight against British oppression. But instead of encouraging native-born Indians to take up arms and force the British colonists out of their country, Gandhi created a policy of non-violent protest. "Nonviolence, " he said, "is a weapon for the brave."
He came up with a policy of non-violent resistance called Satyagraha or 'devotion to truth’. He introduced a program known as swadeshi meaning "one's own country" to boycott British goods. Gandhi began a synchronized protest march against an unfair tax on salt, which was imposed on the Indians by the British government. This march shook the establishment of the British rule in India. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, into a family of merchants.
The Salt march was one the important part of the Indian Independence movement. It was a direct action campaign of resistance of tax and non-violent protest against the salt monopoly in colonial India owned by the British. It triggered the wider Civil disobedience movement. Gandhi leaded the march from his base, Sabarmati ashram near Ahmedabad, to the coastal village of Gujarat, Dandi. While he continued his march on his 24-day, 390 km to produce salt without paying tax, many Indians joined him along the way.
Biko was then banned by the government of all methods that supported the struggle, although, despite the ban, Biko continued to support the cause using various illegal strategies. The police soon arrested him without charge and treated him abusively and vulgarly. Biko then died that year due to serious brain damage and 17 years later Nelson Mandela, another leader of the struggle, was elected as president in a free and open election. Hoping to give black South Africans the right to vote along with other rights, and society only getting worse, Mandela opened up the country’s first black law firm in 1952. Then in 1960, 69 peaceful demonstrators were killed, infuriating Mandela, causing him to lead a bombing campaign against official government sites and offices.
After living for 20 years in South Africa, practicing law and advocating for Indian equality there, he returned to India at the age of 45. His mission became to advance the cause of Indian independence from Great Britain. He led the Indian National Congress and was jailed repeatedly for acts of civil disobedience. In one of his most famous protests of British rule he led thousands of Indians on a march to the Arabian Sea to collect salt in protest a salt tax. On this occasion 60,000 people including Gandhi were jailed.
Gandhi gave rights to the untouchables by giving them the name of “harijans”. He stood against the British because of the separated electorates (“Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi” Para 17). He fought against the British for the salt march. In 1930 the British put tax on the salt used by Indians. Gandhi and thousand other marchers walked 241 miles to the sea where Gandhi picked up the salt in his hands and broke the unfair rule of tax on salt (Para 15).
Another reason for the salt march was “by encouraging all Indians to defy the Salt Laws by manufacturing and selling salt themselves, Gandhi argued, Indians could collectively challenge the authority of the Raj“(Lakey and Tedla). Initially, Gandhi assumed that he would be arrested as soon as he set out on the 24 day 240 mile march as he had informed the British government that he would be breaking the law. But when he was not arrested, he continued his march and more than 10,000 people joined him. on 5 April 1930, Gandhi picked up the salt and broke the law. The next major and final step in the Indian Independence Movement was the Quit India civil disobedience organized by Gandhi.