Edwards vs. Emerson: Theories of Belief

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The truth of the world is something that is debatable on how to reach, and what it actually is. The general belief of the western world for many centuries was that there is only one truth, and that's the truth expressed in the bible. This is what Edwards believes, and he believes it can either be reached through logic, or directly from god through the divine and supernatural light.
Emerson challenged the established belief system and said that the truth, which he calls genius, is inside all of us, and that we need to "trust ourselves" (2), and not follow anyone else, to find it.
The genius is similar to the divine and supernatural light, but it reveals individualized versions of the truth to everyone, instead of god revealing the truth in the bible.
Edwards says that the divine and supernatural light isn't guilt, it isn't in your own mind, it won't reveal anything new and not stated in the bible, and it isn't in your emotions. All of these things are a part of the natural world and cannot be the "supernatural" light, which can't be absorbed through any of the natural senses. For example, he says, "conscience is a principle natural to men" (3) and is not the supernatural light, also people can feel guilt and other emotions regardless of their belief in Christianity. People who don't believe in Jesus can still feel emotions for Jesus as if he was a fictional character, and guilt is a natural emotion of everyone. "The spiritual and divine light does not consist in any impression made upon the imagination." (3)
This means that the divine and supernatural light wont come from your own thoughts, which may come from the devil, but directly from god. It is not "the suggesting of any new truths or propositions not contained in the word of ...

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...he views of Edwards that are focused on individualism, establishing your own beliefs, and the move away from christianity for many people, but also leading to religious tolerance, believing that other religions are based on their own concept of the genius. This move changed the lives of people form devoting their lives to god and relying on the church and bible for information, to pursuing their own interests and relying on themselves, or the god present inside them. Emerson's beliefs reflect Freud's beliefs in the future, the Id is like the genius, everyone's natural intuition, but repressed in most people.
Society is the SuperEgo, that represses the Id, and the Ego is who you actually are as a result of those things. And According to Emerson, this Ego part of you is supposed to be the "trustee" of the Id, or genius and not rely on society, or what others teach you.
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