Edward O. Wilson 's Socio Biological Approach And The Theory Of Differential Association

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John Igagni’s murder, although unsolved, can be explained using modern day theories and approaches to crime. Edward O. Wilson’s socio-biological approach and the theory of differential association, both can be utilized when explaining the murder of John Igagni. Wilson’s theory analyzes the crime using a much larger scale of time and focuses on the adaptive history behind the action and the root instinct that motivates the behavior. In this approach, Wilson is affirming the thoughts of territoriality and how the instinctual need for territory that use to be prevalent in an earlier generation still impacts behavior today (O’Brady, 2014). Why this murder was committed could also be explained using the theory of differential association as this murder was likely committed as a result of a biker gang conflict. Gangs involved in criminal communities where the alleged murderer would have been constantly surrounded by and influenced by the gang’s behavioral norms. The theory of socio-biological approach and the differential association theory can both be used to explain violent crimes committed by gangs or gang members, the application of these theories can be applied to the murder of John Igagni, a victim of gang homicide. On the afternoon of Sunday, August 21st, 2016, John Igagni, a thirty-three-year-old man was shot numerous times and murdered in his apartment garage around 12:30pm. (Dagg, 2016) Igagni was found dead near his motorcycle in the garage, police originally thought they were responding to a car accident, but when they found Igagni’s body they soon found they were wrong. Numerous factors have to be considered in this case. Firstly the victim had been prosecuted in 2009 for a “slew” of charges associated with an alleged ... ... middle of paper ... ...o learn from the behaviors of those around them. Where the murderer was killing John for gang-related reasons, they were most likely of a territorial nature, which is described by the sociobiological theory, yet he was probably fuelled by the influence coming from the criminals around him, demonstrated by the differential association theory. To conclude, the murder of John Igagni was tragic and yet targeted; a murder committed out of some form of gang homicide. Using sociobiological theory and the theory of differential association, it can be concluded that John’s murderer was influenced by his associated gang members but also fuelled by a deeper and genetic desire for territory. In conclusion, the sociobiological theory although well thought out, fails to be affective for all classes in society whereas the differential association theory does not discriminate.

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