Education In Higher Education

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The historical development with in higher education has been a direct acclimation of the academic profession (Altbach et al., 2011). There is a long history among universities that has created many traditions. Of these traditions, the profession of academia has played a vital part of it all (Altbach et al., 2011). Shaping practically every movement in higher education, from instruction to research to institutional governance, Staffing has become a critical issue (American Federation of Teachers, 2007). Lail (2009) suggests that quality teaching has effects on the quality of its faculty. To reflect our nation ’ s social and political history, A historical outline of American higher education plays a significant role in telling the story of higher education’s legal and administrative difficulties. The U.S. tradition in higher education has always promoted a strong commitment to undergraduate education whether they had taken place in the eighteenth, nineteenth, twentieth, or twenty - first centuries (Thelin, 2003). In the early 21st century, higher education has become a competitive enterprise. In many countries students must compete for scarce places in universities and in all countries admission to the top institutions has become more difficult. Universities compete for status and ranking, and generally for funding from governmental or private sources. While competition has always been a force in academe and can help produce excellence, it can also contribute to a decline in a sense of academic community, mission and traditional values (Altbach et. al, 2009). Higher education is increasingly viewed as a major engine of economic development.
Colonial to 1758
Founded as the first American College, Harvard intended to educate the lea...

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...gotiations that may be done in regards to any number of potential issues. There is a wide range of issues that need to be handled in higher education and in today’s society (Park, 1979). There are faculty members that are new to higher education that encounter work overloads and develop stress due to the high demand that the profession calls for. Faculty members in this present moment have a responsibility to support and pave the way for faculty members that are entering in the future. Austin (2002) established that the most important contribution that any faculty member could provide, is the preparing their colleagues for the future challenges ahead. Institutional organization may come as a requirement when bringing in new faculty members. Taking heed to past experiences and suggestions that many have to offers may be an excellent starting point (Austin, 2002).

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