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Schools are social systems because two and more people are working together in a coordinated manner to attain a common goal. Schools are also open systems because they constantly have a relationship with the environment. An open system consists of five basic elements: inputs or resources (human resources, financial resources, physical resources, and information resources); transformation processes which is combining and coordinating these various resources to attain the goal of the school; outputs are the attainment of goals or objectives of the school and are represented by the products, result, or accomplishments of the system; feedback (negative or positive, and can be used to correct deficiencies in the transformation process; and environment –social, political and economic (Lunenberg, 2010). As an organization, schools constantly interact with their environment, in fact they to build themselves to adapt and deal with the forces around them. In a society of constant change, the ones that are expected to succeed are people who are adaptive, flexible and productive. It is therefore important for organizations to discover how to encourage its personnel to be committed and continue learning at all levels. Learning organizations are where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and where people are continually learning to see the whole together (Peter Senge,1990, 3). While people in the organization have the capacity to learn, sometimes the environment they work in is not conducive to learning and inhibits engagement and reflection. For organizations who are aiming to expand and continue ... ... middle of paper ... ...e to flexibility in status and rules. Instead of taking students’ misbehavior personally and controlling them through punishments in a custodial school, a humanistic school promotes open communication and supports interpersonal sensitivity and self-determination. While a custodial school is on one end of the spectrum and views students learning and behavior in moralistic terms, a humanistic school views student learning in psychological and sociological terms (Hoy, 2009). As a future school administrator, I have to advocate for discipline without punishment. A respectful discipline, instead of punishment, teaches children self-control, honesty and helps them develop a values system. (Wilson, 2002). Listening, teaching, setting an example, and being flexible are humanistic approaches that will minimize the mantra of “ a child not loved will settle for being seen”.
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