Poe used fiction writing as a means of supporting himself, and with in December 1835, Poe began editing the Southern Literary Messenger for Thomas W. White in Richmond. Poe held this position until January, 1837. During this time, Poe married his thirteen-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm, in Richmond on May 16, 1836. After spending fifteen fruitless months in New York, Poe moved to Philadelphia. Shortly after he arrived, his novella The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym was published and widely reviewed.
He was hired as a regular contributor and as an editor of the journals review. He re established family ties in Richmond and married his cousin Virginia Clemson in 1836. Poe resigned from the Messenger in 1837 due to disagreements with the owner. Poe obtained another steady job in 1839 as editor of Barton’s Gentlemen’s Magazine, where he published “The Fall of the House of Usher” Poe was fired from Barton’s in 1840 and accepted a job as literary editor for Graham’s Magazine. Poe published “The Man of the Crowd” and his first detective stories in this magazine Virginia Poe became seriously ill in 1842 and almost died; Poe’s own health was also poor.
Edgar Poe was born on the 19th of January, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. His father was David Poe Jr. and his mother was Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins Poe. Both of them were actors. Edgar had an elder brother named William Henry Leonard Poe and a younger sister named Rosalie Poe. In 1810, their father abandoned them, and within a year their mother died of consumption.
Mrs. Poe then died a year later in 1811 from pulmonary tuberculosis. The three young children were split. Henry lived with his grandparents, Rosalie was taken into another family, and Edgar was fostered by Mr. and Mrs. Allan. The Allan family was a foster family. They took him in and changed his name to “Edgar Allan Poe” but, never adopted him.
He was an actor by profession and a heavy drinker. Edgar was never very close with his older brother, William Henry Leonard Poe, because he had been left with his paternal grandparents around September 1807 for what began as an undetermined amount of time. In July of 1810 David Poe deserted his family and died shortly after. His death was most possibly alcohol elated. Elizabeth was still pregnant with their youngest child, Rosalie, who was born that December, at this time.
A year after his birth David Poe deserted his family. The following year in 1811 his mother died leaving him orphaned. He soon was taken in by the Allan family. John and Frances, who were a childless couple, renamed him Edgar Allan and raised him as their own. Though never legally adopted, Poe traveled to England with the family where he attended good schools until the fall of the tobacco market in London.
Edgar had two siblings, an older brother named William Henry, who lived with relatives in Baltimore, and a baby sister named Rosalie. When Edgar was about two years old, his father died, or disappeared (no one knows for sure). Shortly after, his mother died of tuberculosis, the two children were all alone. In 1811,a t the age of two, Poe was taken in by John and Frances Allan. Mr. Allan Refused to adopt Edgar but said he could stay with them.
His relationship with John became increasingly difficult and eventually came to physical confrontation after the death of Fanny, Poe’s beloved maternal figure. Poe left in 1827 to join the army. In 1830 he began at West Point Military Academy, only to be court martialed a year later. Upon leaving West Point, Poe left to live with his extended family in Baltimore Maryland. This family consisted of his aunt Maria, and two cousins Henry and Virginia.
He was the son of Elizabeth Poe and David Poe, both minor professional actors. He had one brother and one sister. Their names were William Henry Leonard and Rosalie. Both his parents died before he was three years old from tuberculosis, and he was raised in the home of Frances Keeling Valentine Allan and her husband John Allan, an exporter from Richmond, Virginia. He became very attached to his stepmother and then she passed away of tuberculosis.
Poe returned to Richmond due to the fact that he was so poor. Upon his return he found his fiancée had moved on and was engaged to another man while he was away to college. Hearth broken and angry, Poe only spent a few months in the Allan mansion before leaving to find adventure. By the time he was eighteen Poe published his first book, Tamerlane, and soon after enlisted in the United Stated Army. Two years later he found out Frances was dying of tuberculosis.