Ecotourism

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Ecotourism Ecotourism in the world has been quite big over the years, but has grown in population in the more recent years. There are many different definitions to what ecotourism really is and even if it should be hyphenated because of the history behind it. With or without the use of the hyphen in the word ecotourism, has often resulted in use of the term being little more than a marketing tactic to give businesses and apparent green edge on the competition (Ross, 1999). Ecotourism has been defined in several ways. First, ecotourism, according to The Ecotourism Society, is a purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the culture and the natural history of the environment; taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem; producing economic opportunities that make the conservation of the natural resources beneficial to the local people (Ross, 1999). A second definition by The World Conservation Union’s Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas, defines ecotourism as an environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact, and provides for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local populations (Ross, 1999). Many of the definitions of the word have the same basic meaning. When compared to mass tourism, ecotourism not only stresses the appropriate use of all resources, but also emphasizes community development to meet the economic, social, and cultural needs of the community (Khan, pg.988). Mass tourism on the other hand creates initiatives in Third World countries that are directed towards satisfying the needs of the tourists (Khan, pg.988). Ecotourism development is most likely to be at a smaller scale, locally owned, with low import leakage and a higher proportion of profits remaining in the local economy. Mass tourism has the potential to degrade the environment, ecotourism promotes the conservation and preservation of the ecosystem, so as not to disrupt the flora and fauna, wildlife, and habitat (Khan, pg.989-990). Ecotourism is a big problem in several countries throughout the world. With trying to preserve the natural environment of areas, and the growing industry of mass tourism and ecotourism, countries, such as South Africa, have grown to try to adapt to ecotou... ... middle of paper ... ...ourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies." Retrieved 4/12/02 from: http://www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca/rec/ectour.htm 2. Moosa, Valli. (October 2001). " Celebrating the hoisting of the World Summit on Sustainable Development." Retrieved 4/13/02 from: http://www.environment.gov.za/NewsMedi…/Jowsco_11102001.ht 3. "Ecotourism in South Africa.." (nd). Retrieved 4/10/02 from: http://www.cybertonature.co.az/ecotourism.html 4."Tourism." (nd). Retrieved 4/15/02 from: http://www.sadcreview.com/country%20pr…/southafricaTourism.ht 5. Cadogan, G., Take an interest in conservation. Financial Times Weekend 1995, 27-28 May,III. 6. World Book Encyclopedia Vol. 18 World Book, Inc. Chicago Copyright 1988. 7. Http://newafrica.com/ecotourism 8. Http://www.ecoafrica.com/saparks/npbhome.htm 9. Mass Tourism vs. Ecotourism., Research Notes and Reports. Maryam M. Khan, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University , USA.1996. 10. Boo, E (1992) Wildlands and Human needs. WHN Technical Paper, Washington DC: WWF and USAID. 11. Http://libary.thinkquest.org/22897/tourism.htm 12. As well as articles marked in brackets throughout paper.
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