Women’s underrepresentation in politics has been an ongoing issue in the todays world. Feminism is one the main reasons women can get an education. However, with more women likely to be enrolled in college than men, there is still a continued underrepresentation of women in leadership roles throughout the society (McKenna 2007, 7). The inequality has lead women into stepping back and not considering much for themselves. There are many reasons behind the underrepresentation that women hold in politics.
The dehumanization of women is a struggle that the female population has been subjected to for even longer than the earliest recorded history. Women have been made into scapegoats throughout our history that has fortified this ignorance of why women shouldn’t be treated as equals. The ideas that have been established (and are still constantly being created) have been reinforced by religions, governments and the policies/laws, cultures, and even commonly other women and are continuing an internalized oppression upon women. The conversation of equality for women is often hijacked by erroneous thinking that this is a problem of the past. They also have played a role in the suppression of women’s rights and still play a major role in prevention of actual equality.
The gender gap in labor force participation (LFP) in Iran is much larger than most other countries, but it has been declining. Also, the composition of women’s employment has been shifting towards professional and entrepreneurial positions, especially in the private sector (Salehi Esfahani 2010). Since Iran has similar labor market conditions like other countries in the Middle East and North African region, examining the forces behind the above mentioned patterns will help in coming up with potential specific policies to address the changes in the female labor force participation rate. When we examine the change in the participation rate of the female labor force, we must analyze the main forces that led to that change. We also need to look at whether societal norms and ideologies have anything to do with the changes in the female LPF rates.
Women's rebellion against the middle-class housewife's role contributed to this second wave of women's movements. It began with women's examination of their personal lives and developed into a program for economic and political change. Women's groups discovered discrimination in the workplace, where women received less pay and fewer promotions than men did. They also uncovered barriers to women seeking political office and to female students striving for high academic achievement. So, the women of America banned together to achieve their political ... ... middle of paper ... ...tivism Resources.
Nevertheless, this was before Islamic government form many religious customs into laws. The Iranian women before and after the 1979 revolution reflects that the advanced education of women has contributed to the urban frustration of a women’s place in Iranian society and that several intellectuals of Iranian women support feminist viewpoints. As it’s shown above, the case of women movements were involved in all the major political and social changes of modern Iranian history. This reflects the essential role of women as a fundamental topic among the Iranian society. The characteristic model of Fetemah that Shariati discussed as a symbol of liberated women accurately reflect the Iranian women pre and post the revolution.
I am becoming ever more involved in the political realm and find it very challenging. The class in which we discussed women’s roles in politics in the nineties represented how important and relevant gender issues continue to be within social and political movements. From that class, I remember hearing several persuasive arguments and examples from the women in the class in regards to how difficult it can be to be involved in political issues today. The pressures of being a woman are sometimes subtle and often not felt instantaneously. The need to work harder and do better in order to prove ourselves competent to our fellow male counterparts is sometimes not realized by women until we have reached a personal limit.
Much of the discrimination that women face is closely related to issues surrounding body image. What we cannot forget in the year 2014 is who control the ideas that we have about women and leadership: the media. The misrepresentation of women’s power and influence in the media cause many women to have low self-esteem about and can cause them to feel as though they do not deserve a spot at the decision-making tables. Sexism has been around since the beginning of America, in many different forms, but the impacts have increased with the power of the media. One of the ways the media has discriminated against women, is the way they portray women in the workplace.
In ancient times, many countries in the world have gender inequality. Nowadays, all over the world the situation is become better and better, but many people still hold on to this concept in the subconscious. On account of this concept, the female is limited a lot like in employment of the college graduates, at home, and in workplace. They cannot enjoy equal with the male no matter how hard they work. Gender inequality is a long-standing historical and global problem; in addition, this problem makes females become the biggest victim of the gender inequality.
However, whilst there have been improvements in these areas, there are still issues within the 21st century regarding females in employment and in the domestic sphere. What also needs to be taken into account is the changing face of Britain’s female population with the rise in ethnic minority women and homosexual women, and subsequently other schools of feminism need to be explored and developed in order to explain these differences. During the period of first wave feminism, starting in the 1700s going on to the early 1900s, females were often seen as a liability and subsequently were often overshadowed by men, for example, a female could not inherit from their families as they were not seen as responsible. First wave liberal feminists aimed to achieve gender equality through changes in the law and wanted women to have a more participatory role within society. First wave feminists outlined that wome... ... middle of paper ... ...over the centuries, gender inequalities have changed, from being focused on public inequality such as getting women into both in education and the workplace, as well as giving females voting rights to being focused on the diversity and variety in women’s lives in today’s society as described by third wave feminists from the 1980s onwards, focussing on the women who were previously overlooked by other feminist schools.
Closing the wage gap between men and women is a continuing struggle today in nations all over the world. In many occupations women are paid less overall than their male counterparts. One nation, however, is making strides to bring this disparity in wages into the light. British law will soon require large companies to publish information about the salaries paid to their male and female employees. While this is a great step forward in recognizing the gender pay gap, many women also face many other obstacles to getting equal pay such as the “Mommy Tax” that reporter Ann Crittenden talks about in her piece of the same name (Kirk and Okazawa-Rey 337).