They were also bitter about the Colonists trading goods with enemies of the British. Because of this the British increased authority over the colonies after the war. The British began to tax the colonists to meet England’s financial needs. England passed many Acts that were ill conceived and had long-term effects on the relationship between England and the colonies. The crown had never directly taxed the colonists before.
The American War of Independence's Impact on Europe The impact of the American War of independence was as diverse as it was complex. It’s ideology rendered the masses in Paris aflame and ultimately some historians suggest it caused the French revolution. However, outside France it’s ideological effect was more subdued and it’s main impact was economic as a result of the war. There were some advantageous long term trade opportunities which in time were good for the various economies however it’s direct results as for most post-war economies were terrible. The American War of independence deeply influenced the political life in Britain as Evans suggests : « Defeat profoundly affected political life ».
On December 16, 1773, the scale of tolerance tipped to the lowest level possible in the Colonies. Because of Great Britain’s involvement in the French and Indian War, Great Britain accumulated a large amount of debt owed to the East-India Company. As an attempt to reduce its debt, Great Britain imposed many acts of taxation on the Colonies. Great Britain viewed the Colonies key to repay its debt. One of the significant acts imposed by Great Britain was the Townshend Acts.
The inflated opinion the French monarchy had about themselves and other nobles lent itself to how they contributed to and handled the economic downturn in France for centuries prior to the French Revolution. Forming the foundation of many of France’s financial issues, the monarchial system granted royals and the nobles who surrounded them the ability to feel as if they are intended to be superior to the rest of France, a mentality that would last until the French Revolution began. With this monarchial system, each king of France from 1610 to 1789 would contribute in both positive and negative ways, depending greatly on the Chief Ministers they appointed. [ADD] Marking a significant beginning stage of the economic downturn was the Seven Years’ War, a battle that saw few positive achievements, but several losses both in terms of land and money, which had been acquired through loans that would establish France’s first significant debt. The reign of Louis XVI would further this debt, while also creating a greater divide between the estates of France by placing the heavy burden of repaying much of the new debt on the poorest class of France, the Third Estate.
It was caused by the great British debt, so Britain tried to tax the colonies to increase more income. The American Revolution didn't begin until 1775 but Britain and its American colonies were in relations ever since the 1600's when Britain imposed the Navigational Acts. The Seven Years' War, which was fought in Europe, Asia and North America, ended in 1763. The war was very expensive and after it ended Britain had kept troops in North America to defend the territories from France. Britain was deep in debt and felt that America should start paying a share of the costs of wars so they passed the Stamp Act in 1765.
England began to slowly tighten its imperial grip to avoid a large reaction from the colonists. During the Seven Years War, the British sent over ten thousand troops to America to handle property problems in the colonies. This cost a big amount of money, and Britain did not want to see the funds come out of their pocket. To handle some of the cost, Britain began passing acts to tax the colonists and help with the big debt the empire was in. The Sugar Act of 1764 was an example of a tax that had many effects on the Colonial lifestyle.
The series of taxation acts Parliament levied upon America to recoup its wartime debt took a serious toll on colonial businesses, increasing their debt and frustration with England. At the same time, colonial merchants also wanted to maintain ties with their primary consumer, England. After the French and Indian War, wealthy merchants had stock piles of inventory which had primarily been sold to British regiments that had been encamped throughout the colonies. With their primary consumers gone, colonial merchants eagerly jumped on the bandwagon to boycott British goods, a way to maintain the sell of backlogged inventory to local colonies. After the Townshend Acts were repealed, however, these merchants were eager to continue their importation of British goods, in addition to selling their goods back out to the motherland.
However, these economical and social forces worked hand-in-hand to slowly erode away the binds that held America to its Mother Country. The traditional liberties of Britain and the newly established liberties of America were very different. After the French and Indian War, the colonies were “heavily'; taxed to sow together the damaged British pocketbook. These economical problems and social distinctions needed to be mended simultaneously or the war could not be avoided. First, the traditional liberties of Britain were considerably different from the political and social origins of America.
This philosophy was able to gain traction because the people of both countries had grown tired of being repressed by their respective monarchs. Both countries were facing social and economic troubles that led the common people of each area to revolt and take power into their own hands. Even though England and France were two of the dominant world powers at the time, they had been considerably weakened by the Seven Years War (the part of the conflict that took place in America is known as the French and Indian War). The political climate in France was more volatile than in America as the French had been on the losing side of the war and much of the fighting on the European front had taken place there. Almost all of the fighting on the American continent had taken place in New France (which would one day become Canada), leaving the Colonies relatively unscathed.