But above all else, sustainable ecotourism requires careful planning ”. Without this planning, ecotourism is doing more harm that good. I will show how these tourist developers are putting huge strains on the environment and how the effects of this behavior will eventually leave the land with the inability to cope with the drastic changes. I believe with carefully planned ecotourism development and rules and regulations, we can make ecotourism and the environment blend simultaneously. First, the tourist developers are adding increased pressure to the limited natural resources, especially in places... ... middle of paper ... ...ions to stop all this destructive behavior.
Conservation initiatives must be supported financially as well as empowerment and contribution of locals as a concerted project (Davis 2007). Simply put it, both the environment and the local community benefits from this simple concept. Protection and conservation of the natural landscape is the main goal of ecotourism as well as attracting tourists. It also represents the flow of tourism and economy status of a community (Tory 2010). Even though eco-tourism itself is based on an ideal concept and potentially able to help the environment, it is still highly controversial as in whether it is worth sacrificing all the natural resources which we take for granted and make room just for the sake of tourism.
These flaws negatively change the breeding habits and behavior in wildlife. Negative effects extend to the local people as well, changing their lifestyles and culture. However, ecotourism can do worlds of good for the environment, if run properly. But change is possible. More education on proper tourist behavior, like refraining from flash photography, not littering, and keeping their distance from the animals, along with stricter regulations set up by the national parks, may be the key to fixing some of the problems in ecotourism today.
Moreover, the profit-maximizing notion of the Non-Governmental Organisations, in this case TNC, might clash with the mindset of preserving the environment. Hence, it is important to strike a good balance between the two and that the Indonesian government must work hand in hand with the locals and other related partners to allow ecotourism in KNP to be sustainable.
The greatest way of conserving nature has no clear-cut solution. Some will argue that by leaving it untouched is the only way it will survive. Others say that by learning to utilize the environment responsibly, the benefits from using it will allow advancement of civilization. The policy that allows a balance between nature and society is gaining an “environmental ethic” that makes people feel a responsibility towards their environment and in return, replenish whatever is used from it. This policy will succeed because is it the best way, especially for the short time left to take action before it’s too late, for developed countries to be sustained, to help underdeveloped countries to survive, and most importantly, for the environment to continue to live and thrive for futures to come.
Moreover, the author has also made an expert testimony to support her views. The International Ecotourism Society (TIES) views ecotourism as ‘responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people’. The author also highlights that the promise of economic stability prompts many local communities to pursue ecotourism as a means of self-reliance but more often than not outside companies or governments
Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are organization that not establishes to earn a profit, but are organized to perform a variety of activities and services. Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM), World Wide Fund for Nature-Malaysia (WWF-Malaysia) and Malaysian Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations (MENGOs) are example of NGOs in Malaysia that play a role in maintaining natural resources. Nowadays, we can see that, the exploitation of natural resources becomes common for own goods and economic gain. But, why people do this? NGOs should take a major role in implementing awareness campaign, conserve and ensure the sustainable use of natural resources and enlighten the public about the importance of using eco-friendly equipment.
If a person is described as ‘natural’ it could mean that a person is gifted in a certain subject, he/she does not like technology, or even that he/she is a hippy. But a definition of ‘nature’ is important if we are going to understand the ecological crisis. This is because the understanding of something often effects how that person act towards it. So, if a person holds a very anthropocentric view of the environment (that the environment can be used for his/her benefit), then this person will not care about reversing the ecological crisis. In order to help the ecosystems at risk in this time of uncaring, society needs to change the definition of nature.
In this respect, the present and future generations are urged to conserve the environment while the Government is committed to strengthening and enforcing anti-poaching and nature based conservation policies which will ensure the development of responsible tourism in the country. It should be noted, however, that eco-tourists prefer the use of local resources and expertise which in turn translates into import savings. The use of local resources and expertise also translates into environmentally sensitive patterns and local participation in the travel industry. Its emphasis on local resources and employment makes it attractive to developing countries, which though rich in natural resources are disadvantaged by rural poverty and lack of export earnings. The value of biodiversity is more widely appreciated in the whole world.
First, ecotourism, according to The Ecotourism Society, is a purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the culture and the natural history of the environment; taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem; producing economic opportunities that make the conservation of the natural resources beneficial to the local people (Ross, 1999). A second definition by The World Conservation Union’s Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas, defines ecotourism as an environmentally responsible travel and visitation to relatively undisturbed natural areas, in order to enjoy and appreciate nature that promotes conservation, has low visitor impact, and provides for beneficially active socio-economic involvement of local populations (Ross, 1999). Many of the definitions of the word have the same basic meaning. When compared to mass tourism, ecotourism not only stresses the appropriate use of all resources, but also emphasizes community development to meet the economic, social, and cultural needs of the community (Khan, pg.988). Mass tourism on the other hand creates initiatives in Third World countries that are directed towards satisfying the needs of the tourists (Khan, pg.988).