The Politics of Hunger: How Illusion and Greed Fan the Food Crisis, Edited by Robert Griffiths, 61. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2008.
Diabetes is a life-long disease marked by elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. It can be caused by too little insulin (a chemical produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar), resistance to insulin, or both. Approximately 2.7 million or 11.4% of all African Americans aged 20 years or older have diabetes. However, one-third of them do not know it. The most life-threatening consequences of diabetes are heart disease and stroke, which strike people with diabetes more than twice as often as they do others.
Fast food nation: The dark side of the all-American meal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Obesity Epidemic. (2010). In Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voices.
Glucose flows through the bloodstream and into the cells. The cells carries these glucose throughout our body for energy. In a normal person, their pancreas secretes the right amount of insulin in order for their body to break down food and store energy into the cells. In a diabetic person, insulin is not produced, insulin production is inadequate, or the cells resist to the insulin. Improper production and resistance to insulin will lead to the cause of Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, or Gestational diabetes.
Diabetes is a very serious disease with many life threatening consequences, but if it is taken care of properly, diabetics can live a normal life. Diabetes is a disease that causes an abnormally high level of sugar, or glucose, to build up in the blood. Glucose comes from food we consume and also from our liver and muscles. Blood delivers glucose to all the cells in the body. In people without diabetes, the pancreas makes a chemical called insulin which is released into the blood stream.
Diabetes Almost everyone knows someone who has diabetes. An estimated 16 million people in the United States have diabetes mellitus—which is a serious lifelong condition. About one-third of these 16 million people have not been diagnosed. Each year, about 800,000 people are diagnosed with diabetes. (NIDDK) Figure 1--Prevalence of diabetes in men and women in the U.S. population age 20 years or older, based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III.
In the Untied States, according to the New York Times, “one in three adults are considered clinically obese, along with one in five kids, and 24 million Americans are afflicted by type 2 diabetes, often caused by poor diet, with another 79 million people having pre-diabetes. Even gout, a painful form of arthritis once known as “the rich man’s disease” for its associations with gluttony, now afflicts eight million Americans,” (Moss 2013). It is clear that there is a nation wide problem that must be addressed, throughout the years these numbers have continuously been rising and without support from our government, the problem of unsafe and unhealthy foods has the possibility to become a national catastrophe. The food industries are to blame for the manufacturing of foods that have more chemicals in them than actual product, as well as providing a unsafe environment that animals are raised in and then processed. “Part of the problem is the growing industrialization and globalization of the nation’s food supply,” (Newman, Harris 2012).
Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is one of the commonest long term disorders and is a chronic disease that has no cure. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the USA as it contributed to more than 187 thousand deaths in 1995. Diabetes affects approximately five percent of the United States population, about 10-12 million people, of those half remain undiagnosed. It is also noted that different races tend to have different rates of diabetes, as from the table below you can see that cases of diabetes are high in Puerto Ricans. [IMAGE] Diabetes is considered a group of disorders with multiple causes, rather than a single disorder.