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Although there are plenty different types of eating disorders, the main ones that will be focused on in this paper are: anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating. Eating disorders are tremendously serious health conditions and without proper knowledge and help, they can quickly spin out of control. Informing yourself about the varying types of eating disorders is essential if you wish to understand the causes and effects of them. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a limited intake of food, starving oneself, and even exercising profusely to rid one’s body of what they consider to be extra calories. Fear of gaining weight or becoming overweight is ordinarily seen in those with anorexia and bulimia.
Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa The two most common types of eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. There are many similarities, as well as differences, between the two. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa are common between the ages of twelve to twenty-five (Johns Hopkins Medicine). These disorders affect females more than males. Approximately ten percent of males have been detected as having one of these eating disorders.
Eating disorders are abnormal mind-sets towards foodstuffs, which affects one’s psychological, social, and physical aspects. It may involve overeating or deliberate and excessive reduction of one’s food portions for personal reasons. These unhealthy choices and behavior may have severe consequences. According to recent surveys conducted regarding this subject matter, teenagers form the largest portion of individuals with eating disorders. While some of these adolescents may adopt these abnormal eating habits due to extreme discomfort about their body shape or weight, others use food to comfort themselves in terms of harsh conditions in their social or academic lives.
People that have an eating disorder will have a negative view of their body image and generally try to control their weight by exercising excessively, purging, or dieting. Besides genetic and psychological factors, research has shown that the media is a huge contributor to eating disorders. The media has changed so much over many years and now has the persuasive power to manipulate and shape people’s beliefs and attitudes. This has sparked the debate among psychologists regarding the media’s contributing harmful effects on eating disorders. As I delve further into the issue, I will explain how the media encourages people to strive for an unattainable body image and often promotes harmful dieting and weight loss strategies.