Unfortunately, women today still struggle for equal pay for equal work and unequal pay triggers unequal opportunities for their careers. We all know that a lot of higher management jobs are held by men, not women. The article from thinkprogress.org states that “[t]he wages gap starts early in women’s careers and grows over time, women who get business degrees and have the same experience as men end up with lower level jobs right out of school and are paid thousands less. Those same men are then twice more likely to end up being named CEO than the women, and women in corporate America report that still face gender-specific discrimination.” (Glynn, thinkprogress.org). It seems that women are encouraged to pursue marriage and having a family rather than excel in their education and career.
When President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act of 1963 into law, he hoped that it would allow working women to finally earn the same amount of money as men; however, more than half a century later, men continue to out earn women in almost every field of work (Lipman para. 4). Male dominated fields tend to pay more than female dominated fields at similar skill levels. In 2012, women earned an average of $691 per week while men earned an average of $854 per week. Furthermore, the majority of women remain unaware that they are earning less than their male colleagues (Hegewisch para.
Consequently, women who choose to divide their time between work and their family life will undoubtedly earn less. In fact, women ages 27-33 who have no children actually earn 98 percent of men’s wages according to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. 1 As these examples suggest, discriminatory pay practices persist, leading to lower wages for women, even when they perform the same job as men. 2 It is difficult to decide what can be done to close the wage gap between men and women. However, several steps have been taken to ensure equal opportunities for both sexes.
Full Title: Rough Draft You’ve probably heard that women make less money than men regardless of their credentials which is a direct result in the statistics from the gender wage gap today. What does this actually mean? What factors are resources using when they come up with their statistics about the wage gap? Today you will be given all the evidence which shows that many resources lack the ability to provide all factors that affect the pay between men and women. Years ago there was a big difference in the income between men and women.
This percentage was halved when variables such as work experience and education was made equal. The factor which played the biggest influence on statistics was work pattern. Men undertook more hours of paid labor and more years of job experience than women. The evidence collected in Eagly and Carli 2004 , expresses the impact that takes place when women have a deficit in human capital investments such as work experience, education and training. Small differences such as hours invested in paid work and amount of work experience one has affect... ... middle of paper ... ...r president, 42% of respondents favored a man, 31% favored a woman, and women and men were more likely to favor their own sex.
Gender inequality discusses how differences between males and females contribute to, or cause, social and cultural differences. Society has grown to have differences between men and women with greater emphasis of inequality on women. There is evidence to suggest that women generally tend not to work in skilled jobs in the construction and engineering sectors and few men working in secretarial positions (1996 Labour Force Survey) does this mean that men are more skilled than women. Early research and theorists assumed than inequalities were biologically determined and as a result this natural ability could not be changed. Female employment has tended to increase over the years and they form 44% of all wage earners, (A-level Sociology, 1995).
Women are more employed and educated than men but because women are not “male” they receive less than men. Kevin Miller reports, “At the rate of change between 1960 and 2015, women are expected to reach pay equity with men in 2059.” 2059 is quite a long time from now. Some may think that this is a considerable time frame, but any feminist would frown upon the time frame. At the slow pace of change in the pay gap, Miller predicts, “if change continues at the slower rate seen since 2001, women will not reach pay equity with men until 2152.” That is outrageous. Women will have to wait an additional one hundred and forty-six years to reach equal pay if it continues at a slow rate.
It states in the article that men and women tend to start out on the same levels of earnings but as their careers grow this gap increases (Stevenson). Stevenson says that this is most likely due to the fact that women get fewer raises because they tend to negotiate less for them. If they do negotiate for their salaries, then they may still receive less than men or they could be seen as “unpleasant” because they tried to negotiate and go against social norms
Men are more likely to lose their jobs than women in current financial crisis. This recession hit heavily upon men-dominated industries, such as construction, finance and manufacturing. However, sectors have held up relatively well in education, health care and service, which will create more jobs for women (Peck: 14). However, the chart 3 in the following page demonstrates that females are more likely to receive EI benefits than males. The logistic regression shows the group of female is 2.067 times the odds change as compared to the odds in the comparison group of male, which can be seen the blue bar of female is 2.067 times higher than the bar of male.
Our society is facing a serious problem that is the age discrimination between women and men. In 1939 to 1979 white women made less than 60 % as much as white men. The 40% gape difference decreased these days, but there is still a wage gap between men and women. There are many claims behind the reason of wage discrimination. George F. Will (2000)” Lies, Damned lies and …..” claims that the main cause of wage gap is omen’s decision to establish a family, so that force them to make comprise for raising their children and that leads them to work in flexible jobs with flexible ours that permit them to enter the fast track.. Another article by Allen Goodman (1999) “A New Campaign for Pay Equity” argues that the main reason behind low wages for women is sex discrimination.