Early Childhood Programs Teachers are major learning resources in a young child’s life. “Teaching young children is one of the most important and most difficult of educational jobs.” (Edwards, Knight, 1). With these things in mind, how effective are early childhood learning programs? What are their purposes? Through this research paper all of these questions and more will be answered. We will review the purpose of each program and it’s effects on the students. The purpose of this research paper is to investigate the effectiveness of early childhood learning programs with respect to the long-term academic achievement of those students who attend the early childhood programs. Elaine Surbeck explains the background of early childhood learning programs. She talks about the history and how things have originated. Programs for children between the ages of three and six, while more recent to the American educational scene, have roots that are deeper and more diverse in origin than most people realize. Kindergartens, nursery schools, and day-care centers have existed in the United States for more than 100 years. The kindergarten, serving 5-year-olds, was first established in St. Louis public schools in 1873; private kindergartens have existed since 1855. Nursery schools serve children two through four years old. While the first nursery school in the U.S was a parent cooperative “typical” in America were often associated with university home economics departments and were established about 1922. Early childhood education is a very important step during a child’s educational career. This is the level where the entire framework is laid. The four major areas of development are further defined ... ... middle of paper ... ... Wolfson, Esther Boylan. (2001, March 25). Stepping In to Help: I am Concerned About My Child’s Physical Development. November 17, 2001 from www.wholefamily.com Guerrina, Rob & Raynak, George. (2000). Success by Six. November 22, 2001 from Earlychildhoodsuccess.org McBride, Brent A. & Rane, Thomas R. (1996, October). Father/Male Involvement in Early Childhood Programs. November 25, 2001 from http://ericeece.org/pubs/digests/1996/mcbrid96.html Head Start Child Development Programs. (1998). November 27, 2001 from http://www.cps.k12.il.us/AboutCPS/Departments/LanguageCulture/early_childhood/program_directory/ec_early_childhood_programs/ec_early_childhood_programs.html Morgan, Tanoah. (2001, November 5). At Young School, Innovative Education Spells Success. Baltimore Sun http://www.sunspot.net/news/local/howard/bal-ho.young05nov05.story
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Phantom pain refers to the phenomenal experience of pain in a body part that has been amputated or deafferented (Flor, Nikolajsen & Jensen, 2006). The characteristics of phantom pain have been described to occur in quick and sudden attacks of pain shooting up and down the amputated limb as well as cases of constant, excruciating pain whilst intensely perceiving the amputated limb to be cramped or postured abnormally (Katz, 1992). Approximately eighty percent of amputees report suffering from or at least experiencing some level of phantom pain post amputation; therefore it is a prominent issue (Flor, Nikolajsen & Jensen, 2006). Phantom pain is neuropathic pain that has no individual trigger but instead a plethora of psychobiological aspects of neuroplasticity that contribute to the cause of phantom pain (Grusser, Diers & Flor, 2003). The following will: outline the role of the peripheral and central factors associated with phantom pain and discuss the cortical reorganisation of the somatosensory cortex in relation to phantom pain.
Lee, B. G. (2008). Early Childhood Education: The Early Years. California : National Social Science Press .
Early Childhood Education is defined as education and child care services that are provided to children from birth to the age of 8. During the years of early childhood education, children take part in a lot of different education settings. When people hear that you are an Education major, they cant help but ask why do you want to be a teacher? Aren’t teachers underpaid? The answer to that question is yes; being a teacher is an underpaid profession. Teachers don’t get paid enough for the things they have to do everyday with their students. Even though teachers do not get paid as well as they should, nothing is as rewarding as when you make a difference in a child’s life. During the ages of birth to 8 years old, these children look to their educators as role models. As a role model you are responsible for loving and caring for your students and teaching them new things everyday. Intentional teachers have a purpose for the decisions they make and they are able to explain that purpose to others. They have goals that are set out for their students and they want to help them reach those...
Murray, C. D. (2009). Amputation, prosthesis use, and phantom limb pain an interdisciplinary perspective. New York: Springer.
In 2001, the US Department of Education, Academy of the Sciences, and the Foundation for Child Development conducted a study on early childhood development. Several interesting, scientific ideas and trends on childhood development emerged from the study. The questions surrounding this research were: how important is the early life of a child? What early years are most important? Why are later years not more important? In order to better plan education policy, discussing these questions is necessary.
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how educators in the early childhood field can create an environment for children that is beneficial to development and enhance their thinking and learning skills. The author states that over the years, more and more observations of early childhood programs across the U.S. and some other countries to see what environments help to convey knowledge better for children. The authors states a caution that, “…we have seen: whether in Alaska, Florida or Massachusetts, all programs are starting to look like an early childhood catalog. Centers do not reflect the identity of the families and communities” (Curtis and Carter, 34). They then goes on to say that many programs apply
The pilot stress test or the NASA Flight simulator trains pilots to stay on their task and also helps them to become more attentive and not getting bored with their job in mid-air. These tests are important for pilots to keep their focuses. This technology is now used on a daily basis. One of them is a treatment for people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or also called ADHD. ADHD is a disorder that a person might have, where he or she gets distracted to certain sounds and having difficulty in paying attention when someone is talking to them. It is like as if the person has its own small world where he or she is living in. In 2003, the CyberLearning technology released the S.M.A.R.T. BrainGames system. The S.M.A.R.T. stands for Self Mastery and Regulation Training. The S.M.A.R.T. BrainGames system allows us to have a better steering, speed, and also control to the game. For example, when we are playing a racing game, the user or player needs to maintain speed and control to get the fastest time and the highest score at the leader board. A person suffering from ADHD can use the S.M.A.R.T. BrainGames system to help them concentrate more on the thing that he or she is doing, in this case, the game than any other sounds that can actually distract them. The technology that supported the S.M.A.R.T. BrainGames system is the biofeedback technology. The biofeedback technology was introduced in the 1970s. These games that are from NASA might train anyone ranging from children to adults; specifically for those who are suffering from ADHD. One device that is used in the treatment is connecting a computer to the person’s brain using an EEG sensor. The EEG sensor is placed on the scalp of the user. The user will then take control...
Early childhood Education has always been a vital part to the nation’s prosperity and achievement. However, many schools started without early childhood teachings. Teaching usually began around the time a child had reached six or seven; about the age of a first or second-grader today (Vinovskis 18). Instruction to early adolescents was not contemplated as crucial for brain development until the 1800s. After the Head Start program, early childhood education spread like wildfire throughout America. In 1840, 40 percent of all the three year olds in Massachusetts alone, were attending school. Yet, the reactions from many states, and the overall populace of the country at the time were still negative and contradicting towards early childhood development and education (Vinovskis 19).
Each year education becomes more and more important in the United States. With the demand of a formal education people each day choose a career path in order to get a good employment. (Formal education is classroom-based, provided by trained teachers.) Many Americans believe that education is the only path to getting a rewarding job in which they would be able to live a comfortable life. But other believe that being employed is not as important as having an education because that makes them different from other people and makes them wiser in life. There are many careers that are very important in America, but one of the most important career is “Early Childhood Education” because it is where the foundation of a child is set to help them become
“Early Childhood Education is a term that refers to educational programs and strategies geared toward children from birth to the age of eight. This time period is widely considered the most vulnerable and crucial stage of a person's life.”(Early Childhood Education). When one child goes to school, when she is younger, she can develop some skills faster than another child who start lately the school. This happens why your brain is not developed yet, to understand better, one kid with 2 years old can, walk alone, kick a ball, imitate others, with 4 years old they can, know first and last name, eat by themselves and sing a song from memory. So, how is possible to imagine when you put a child at pre-kindergarten they can understand easier a new information than kids who started to study older, they will receive a better instruction about health, social emotional development, and they will have a better chance to have a better social outcome.
The question of early education should be investigated and controlled on the arrange level because it has a very important impact on the economy, social structure and cultural level of different countries. Educators can facilitate the children with different material and environment in the classrooms that are in the early learning centers. The children need to develop their minds cognitively. “Children actively construct knowledge as they manipulate and explore their world” (Berk 2007). Children need to expand their abilities through their play experiences, and also through their fun experiences, they can develop correctly. Early youth education plays a large part in a child's early development. It is mainly dealing with children ages 4-5 the goal of Early Childhood is to help and teach students who first-time learners. It provides an education for pre-kindergarten children in our country that is provided in a variety of settings. These children represent more and more diverse backgrounds, experiences, and risk factors, and reflect a wide range of special needs. Setting includes day and families care centers, and head starts programs. Public schools also pre-kindergarten and early intervention programs supported throughout federal, state, and local
Law is one of the most important elements that transform humans from mere beasts into intelligent and special beings. Law tells us what is right and wrong and how we, humans, should act to achieve a peaceful society while enjoying individual freedoms. The key to a successful nation is a firm, strong, and fair code of high laws that provides equal and just freedom to all citizens of the country. A strong government is as important as a firm code of law as a government is a backbone of a country and of the laws. A government is a system that executes and determines its laws. As much as fair laws are important, a capable government that will not go corrupt and provide fair services holds a vital role in building and maintaining a strong country.