Dyslexia

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The intended purpose of the application paper is to introduce dyslexia, a neurologically based learning disability. The paper identifies the etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of dyslexia as a learning disability and provides a neurological basis for the disorder. Dyslexia is defined as a reading and writing disorder, unexplained by any deficits in learning motivation, intelligence or sensitivity. Dyslexia is a disorder that is found to have changes in parts of the brain as well as significant differences in DNA. With treatment and management dyslexia has the potential to be improved and allow the individual normal functioning reading and writing skills. Dyslexia is a learning disability with many complicated factors and symptoms that can cause an individual problems in their educational career. Dyslexia Have you ever slipped up and said a word completely backwards? Or read the balance in your checkbook with the last number at the beginning? Imagine living every day, struggling to read what you have in front of you. That is what it is like for an individual with dyslexia. A dyslexic individual experience troubles with reading and writing, in which includes letters and numbers. Dyslexia is the impairment in learning to read and write, and is one of the most common learning disabilities among children (Kolb & Whishaw, 2014). Dyslexia affects approximately ten percent of the population (Habib, 200). Therefore dyslexia is coming more and more recognizable than in the past. Dyslexia was first thought of as a vision problem, but as doctors began to notice that there was nothing wrong with children's vision, they began looking at the brain (Kolb & Whishaw, 2014). Doctors began looking at the brains of dyslexic individuals po... ... middle of paper ... ...onal Center for Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/dyslexia/common-dyslexia-symptoms-warning-signs-in-children-pre-k-to-grade-2 Habib, M. (2000) The Neurological basis of developmental dyslexia: An Overview and working hypothesis. Brain, 123, 2373-2399 doi: http://dx.doi.org.proxy.cityu.edu/10.1093/brain/123.12.2373 Kolb, B. & Whishaw, I. Q. (2014) An Introduction to brain and behavior (4th ed.) New York, NY: Worth Publishers Synder, R. D. & Mortimer, J. (1969). Diagnosis and Treatment: Dyslexia, Pediatrics, 44, 601-606 retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.proxy.cityu.edu/ehost/detail?sid=a4b271ab-da78-420c-b7c4-cca86502508e%40sessionmgr4001&vid=5&hid=4212&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=pbh&AN=6734500 Temporoparietal Cortex (2014) American Tinnitus Association. Retrieved from http://www.ata.org/glossary

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