Dyslexia; theory of a Phonological deficit Dyslexia or DRD is described as the difficulty with learning to read fluently despite regular intelligence. This includes struggles with letter awareness, letter decoding, processing speed, short-term memory, language skills/verbal understanding, and rapid naming (Silverman, L. (2000). Dyslexia is a very common learning difficulty and a highly recognized reading disorder. According to Castles, A. 2014; there are two types of dyslexia: “Acquired dyslexia which is a reading impairment in someone who learned to read normally but then lost that ability after brain damage.
There are many other sym... ... middle of paper ... ...ed by most, and how dyslexia can cause problems with reading comprehension. It also discussed ways that we can mitigate these problems for dyslexic people, but these skills can and should be used by all learners. Reading comprehension is a perishable skill, one that if you don’t work on increasing your reading ability by building your vocabulary, learn to read effectively, or using the correct reading strategies for the type of reading material being studied will diminish. Even with the largest vocabulary, if the words are not understood literacy cannot be achieved. Literacy is the key to comprehensive reading.
It’s very hard to teach reading for those students with LD. One factor to this is the varying needs of the students and the condition that controls the learning situation. In the articles read, the authors provide solutions to help the LD students with their reading skills and intellectual capacity. Watson, Fore & Bone (2009) discuss strategies they used in a reading intervention they conducted recently. In Carr (1991), the author illustrates reading comprehension strategies to benefit students with LD.
Dyslexia is a specific reading disability due to a defect in the brain’s processing of graphic symbols. Dyslexia is a learning disability that affects the way an individual’s brain processes reading and writing and is common amongst many different individuals. It is estimated that more boys will develop dyslexia than girls and can be developed early on in life and carry on throughout adulthood. It is noted that as many as 1 out of every 5 people in the United States have dyslexia (What Parents Need). Dyslexia is a learning disability that causes reading difficulties in adults and children who may not have difficulties in other areas of life.
Many students struggle with learning disabilities. Two common disabilities are Dyslexia and Dysgraphia. “According to the latest dyslexia research from the National Institutes of Health, Dyslexia affects 20 percent of Americans” (“What is Dyslexia?”) Dysgraphia is difficulty with writing that sometimes accompanies Dyslexia. Students that have Dyslexia and Dysgraphia will struggle with vocabulary, grammar, and punctuation, but there is help. People tend to think that Dyslexia is only related to reading, but it also causes problems in writing, math, and even music.
Preface Education is an important process for children to learn different kind of knowledge or languages that would deeply influence not only their course result but their future. Some students, however, are having difficulties in learning because of their disease or so-called the Learning disability that do not be able to catch up the class as other students. In nowadays education system, we will use various method in supporting those student in learning. Since those students who have Learning disability would stay in the class with other normal students, we called this as Integrated Education. In this essay, I would like to discuss the case of dyslexia and explain how we can help these kind of students by using specific teaching models and skills.
Moore & Berry (2010) report that due to the changes and advancements in society and technology, educators are reevaluating the way traditional instruction was once delivered. Students now have an ab... ... middle of paper ... ... greatest risk for reading and writing disabilities are children with language impairments alone and children with comorbid speech impairments and language impairments. For children with speech impairments alone, there is limited risk for literacy difficulties. However, even when reading skills are within the average range, children with speech impairments may have difficulties in spelling. Children with language impairments are likely to display reading deficits in word decoding and reading comprehension.
With the reading skills for vocabulary lacking, these children are usually labeled with ‘learning disabilities’. All too often students read a passage and skip over the words that they do not understand. However, vocabulary skills in reading are essential to not only in the reading classroom, but in all the content area classrooms as well. Vocabulary development should give the students the ability to learn the meaning of new words and concepts that are presented to them in their text. Learning this skill will help students with comprehension and their content area curriculum.
The NCLD (2013) states children with dyslexia may have difficulties with ‘accurate and fluent spelling, accurate and fluent written expression, phonological awareness, memory, verbal processing speed and information processing.’ As teachers it is vital that we are aware of the underlying difficulties as the child’s consistent underachievement can appear on the surface as carelessness and lack of effort (Hodge, 2000). Dyslexia is not only about literacy, although weaknesses in literacy are often the most visible sign, it effects all areas of learning as the ability to read and write sufficiently permeates all areas of learning within the curriculum. ‘Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities’ however, the difficulties posed by having dyslexia can affect a child’s ability to learn (Rose, 2009). Every child has the right to succeed and so the teacher must strive to provide the key for learning and implement effective interventions which develop the child’s literacy skills and help them reach their full potential (DCSF, 2007; DfES, 2004). ‘Much can be done through skilled teaching to lessen the impact of dyslexia on a child’s educational progress and provide them with effective coping strategies’ (Rose, 2009).
I will be exploring within this paper about a certain disability of dyslexia, especially what is dyslexia? Why people would be concerned about a child with a learning disability, how people develop attitudes towards people with disabilities and what we can do to change peoples’ attitudes towards other groups of people. A type of learning disability is dyslexia, which is one of the most common learning disabilities, and a primary reading-disorder (Handler & Fierson, 2011) dyslexia is “a language based disability where the student will have trouble understanding written words/numbers” (“Disability Information,” n.d., para. 1). Children with learning disabilities can also have signs such as trouble learning the alphabet, following instructions, and difficulty with reading (Kemp, Smith, & Segal, 2013).