Dyslexia

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Dyslexia Choosing a topic for my research project was quite easy. Dyslexia naturally presented itself, probably because I have a mild case myself. I thought of it as a good omen when typing the word “dyslexia” into an internet search engine, I spelled it “dsylexia”. Of course I was troubled when the computer reported zero matches, but I caught my mistake, and tried again, this time more successfully. My dyslexia is really very minor, and has not presented too much difficulty for me. I often reverse numbers, which is annoying when dealing with phone numbers, and I am a terrible speller, which may well be related to my dyslexia. However, people with severe cases are presented with a serious handicap, making reading, writing, listening and language comprehension difficult (1,2). Despite normal intelligence levels, dyslexics often feel stupid and have self-esteem problems, because of the difficulty they experience in reading and writing (1). Dyslexia was first described in 1896 by Pringle Morgan of Sussex, England, who described a 14 year old boy who “has always been a bright and intelligent boy, quick at games, and in no way inferior to others of his age. His great difficulty has been--and is now--his inability to learn to read.”(5) This was the first description of the disorder, which exposes the curious problem of intelligent, motivated people unable to learn basic reading skills. Dyslexia’s most diagnosable feature is a pronounced disparity between intelligence and scholastic success, particularly reading. Reading involves rapid association of symbols (letters and letter combinations) with the 44 phonemes ( the smallest unit of discernible sound) of the English language, which must in turn be assembled into... ... middle of paper ... ... 1) http://www.dyslexiao nline.com/dyslexia.html#what From Dyslexia Online 2) http://www. ldonline.org/ld_indepth/reading/reading-4.html From Orton Dyslexia Society 3) http://www .ldonline.org/ld_indepth/reading/nih_report.html From Learning Disabilities Online 4) http://www.ldonline.o rg/ccld/ld/ldresearch.html From Learning Disabilities Online 5) http://www.sciam.com /1196issue/1196shaywitz.html From Scientific American Dyslexia article 6) http://www.dyslexia.com/ From Dyslexia.com an advocate site 7) http ://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content/news/brain7_9_96.html From a review of an article published in Nature 8) http://www.merck.com/!!ucy831YlLucy831YlL/pubs/mmanual/html/iomhgeeg.htm From the Merck Manual 9) http://www.interdys.org/ articles.stm#content From the International Dyslexia Association

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