Dualism Vs. Theory Of The Human Mind

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Dualism vs Physicalism The idea of the human mind has always been an important and difficult notion to describe in terms of a definition or set of conditions. Thoughts, beliefs, and desires seem to have a clear distinction from the tangible and visible elements of the physical human brain. Each is so distinct from one another that they can be considered two fundamentally different things. Utilizing a dualism approach, it is logical to discern that there are difference elements within the human body mind; The tangible elements of the brain can be labeled as physical states in this case, and the thoughts, beliefs, desires, pain, and other non-physical things as mental states. This paper will show that by utilizing Leibniz 's law, the argument that physical and mental states are in fact distinct can be made valid. However, it will also show that this issue of distinct separation as opposed to identical substances is debatable as physicalists can undermine the dualist claim by calling into question the validity of the dualist Leibniz’s law argument. The concept of dualism begins with the idea that in the universe, only physical and mental substances exist. Physical properties do not share the same features as mental properties, as mental properties of the mind such as thoughts and beliefs don 't contain physical properties such as weight, color, or shape. Mental states are also claimed to be different from physical states because while physical things can be observed by everyone, a mental state can only be experienced by a single person, and no one else can experience that specific person’s mental state. Dualist views state that the mental and the physical are both real and neither can be assimilated to the other, and a convincing ar... ... middle of paper ... ...ism, only undermine and take validity away from the case for dualism. This paper showed that by utilizing Leibniz’s law, dualists are able to construct a valid argument that the mental state and physical state are separate entities by proving that they cannot be identical, therefore cannot be the same. At first, the Leibniz’s law seems to provide create a clear distinction of the mental and physical states, but this notion is quickly refuted with the physicalist’s rebuttal argument that multiple concepts coexist within the unitary physical state. However, this does not prove physicalism to be true, only takes away the validity of the dualist argument. As there are no properly grounded and supported truths in favor of dualism or physicalism today, the attempt to describe the idea of the human mind in a definite set of conditions and definitions remains open to debate.

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