Dual Court System Research Paper

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HIERARCHY OF THE UNITED STATES DUAL COURT SYSTEM In United States, there is a dual court system. The dual court system is divided into Federal Courts and State Courts. Each hears different type of cases; neither is completely different of the other. The Constitution of the United States gives powers to the federal courts and reserves the rest for the state. FEDERAL COURTS SYSTEM The Federal Courts system handles legal issues expressly. Federal Courts make decisions which involve the issues of U.S Constitution, treaties, federal statutes and federal commerce. The federal judicial system originates from the U.S Constitution. Article III provides that “the judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.” This article shows that the power to interpret the law of the United States will be controlled by the Supreme Court and the lower Federal Court. Congress will create inferior court from time to time. The Constitution create only the Supreme Court, however, it allows Congress to create any other inferior courts whenever it needs to. Therefore, when the cases load of the Supreme Court is too many, Congress will be able to create the lower federal courts. On the other hand, as long as the judges are on “good behavior”, most of them will receive lifetime appointments from the President of United States operate the Federal Courts system; however, it needs the confirmation by the Senate. To ... ... middle of paper ... ...te Courts includes Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction, Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction, Special Courts and Appellate Courts. TRIAL COURTS OF GENERAL JURISDICTION Every type of cases can be heard by a Trial Court of General Jurisdiction except the cases that specifically prohibited by statute. Therefore, Trial Court of General Jurisdiction also has the almost same function with the Federal District Courts. Many cases that brought in the Federal District Court can also be investigated in Trial Court of General Jurisdiction. Among the exceptions are bankruptcy and patent infringement actions, which may only be brought in federal court. At the county level, most Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction are organized. Every Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction have different names from states to states such as Circuit Court, Court if Common Pleas and Superior Court.
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