People that want to stop Adderall cannot because of the feeling that it gives them, and the cravings their bodies get. When they stop, they can start to get jittery, and then take more Adderall than recommended, and get addicted quickly by doing this. Then they run out of their prescription, and need that same feeling. The patients then get cocaine, and sometimes meth because they both give the same effect on their minds and bodies as Adderall did. As they start to overdose on these drugs, signs of increasing body temperature, convulsions and hallucinations will be shown (Drug Fact Sheet).
Drug abuse and addiction will often change your brain chemistry (Effects of Drug Abuse). The amount of time the drugs has been abused, will significantly impact the amount of damage done and the harder it will be to go back to “normal” after they have stopped taking the drugs (Drug Abuse Symptoms, Facts, and Statistics). Some drugs will make your moods change quickly. The user might get sad, angry, or scared for no reason or they
Addiction is characterized by strong and sometimes uncontrollable drug cravings, and use that continues even if they are facing devastating outcomes. It is very important to address addiction to a wide variety of drugs like tobacco, illicit, and prescription drugs. Addiction affects many brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning, memory, and inhibitory control over behavior. That is why addiction is classified as abrain disease. Some individuals are more suseptible than others to becoming addicted, depending somewhat on the type of genetics, age of exposure to drugs, and other environmental factors.
According to Roxanne Edwards of Medicine.net, “In terms of effects on the body, intoxication with a substance can cause physical effects that range from marked sleepiness and slowed breathing …to the rapid heart rate...” In addition, psychologically they can have suicidal thoughts or elation depending on the addictive substance or behavior. This is why it is important for the addict to seek help because they cannot get rid of the issue on their own. Most of the time, addicts go through some sort of rehab treatment and when they are released they are instructed to go to meetings that help with the aftermath of addiction. Just a few of these groups are places like Alcoholics/Narcotics Anonymous, or even Celebrate Recovery. Although some places believe that these programs do not work, it is well worth mentioning that the success rates depend on the want to of the person working them.
A recent statistic states that 23.9 million Americans age adolescents and up have participated in using drugs in the last month. There are many reasons that could cause a person to become addicted to a drug. Nordqvist notes in medical news today that, “The causes of addiction vary considerably, and are not often fully understood.” Some people may try it just because; or they might have a mental or social disorder. They may be depressed and think that if they take a certain drug it will help them become happy again. Some people may try a drug if they are in the wrong type of environment.
Drug withdrawals are the symptoms experienced upon decreased intake of a drug and can be brutal on the drug user. In order for a drug user to experience withdrawal symptoms they first develop physical dependency and or psychological dependency. Drug use changes an addict’s state of mind, and when a drug is continuously used they begin to feel it needed in order to feel ‘normal’. Withdrawal symptoms vary depending on the drug being used, for example opiate withdrawals include, anxiety, sweating, vomiting, and diarrhea, while alcohol withdrawal cause, irritability, fatigue, shaking, sweating, and nausea. After an addict’s withdrawal symptoms recede, they can be triggered again by reminding the addict of the drug.
Scientist have found two ways the brain is disrupted while taking drugs, the first is, by imitating the brains natural chemical messengers and is second is by overstimulating the reward circuit of the brain (Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction, 2012, p.1). Drugs are fooling the brains neurotransmitters and active nerve cells into sending abnormal messages to the body, which is causing problems for completing basic tasks. As a person continues to take drugs, the brain will start to adapt to the overwhelming surges in dopamine. Which will result in the brain producing less and causing the pleasure that the individual once had, less of an effect, which will cause them to use more drugs, reach their desired pleasure. However, with continued use of drug, a person’s ability to apply self-control can become seriously impaired, and this impairment in self-control is the sign of addiction (Darke, 2007, p. 5).
“Although it is true that for most people the initial decision to take drugs is voluntary, over time the changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can effect a person’s control and ability to make sound decisions, and at the same time send intense impulses to take drugs (Shannon 246)”. Many people, who abuse drugs, will develop a chronic condition called addiction. Once addicted, it is challenging for the drug abuser to stop abusing drugs. The cost of drug and alcohol recovery services can be expensive, not only to the recovering addict and their families, but also to society paying for services through government agencies. Drug addicts relapsing from their disease or those who are not interested in recovery cost society by involvement in crime, neglect, abuse and even death.
The symptoms can sometimes be too hard to handle, so the user resorts to continuing drug use. Addiction still occurs even when people know of adverse health conditions. A person continues to take a drug even though they know it is harming their body. For instance, cocaine causes strokes because it restricts the blood vessels in the brain. It can also cause heart attacks because of increased blood pressure and heart rate.
The thought of sticking a needle in an arm or snorting a substance can be gruesome to some people. Doing drugs can hurt a person mentally and physically. Damaging the brain can be a long term effect that a person cannot recover from. The features that certain drugs can do on the body are unpleasing and some people know when other people are using drugs. Methamphetamine is a stimulant that most people can tell if one is using the drug.