In 1850 the Compromise of 1850 was passed as well as the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which made it harder for African Americans to escape the institute of slavery. In the Constitution the word slavery was never directly mentioned. The Northerners used this to support their cause of emancipation for the slaves, saying that the Constitution had never been designed to protect the institute of slavery. (Doc. E) However, the South also used the Constitution to defend the slave system.
Dred Scott, an African American man who was born into slavery, wanted what all slaves would have wanted, their freedom. They were mistreated, neglected, and treated not as humans, but as property. In 1852, Dred Scott sued his current owner, Sanford, about him, no longer being a slave, but a free man (Oyez 1). In Article four of the Constitution, it states that any slave, who set foot in a free land, makes them a free man. This controversy led to the ruling of the state courts and in the end, came to the final word of the Supreme Court.
Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence and was a leader of the American Enlightenment, however still owned slaves and did not free his slaves. and actually explains from his draft of the Declaration of Independence why at 18th century whites had to own the slaves. He actually blames the King Georg 3 by saying that “he (King Georg 3) has waged cruel war against human nature itself”. He also mentions that King “determined to keep open a market where men should be bought and sold”. So in my opinion Jefferson had to own the slaves because of presentism and the way how the political system worked back then.
The British proposed that if a black man was to join their army, they would be set free afterwards. America originally planned not to let the blacks fight in the army, but when hearing this, let them enlist. Only Georgia and South Carolina refused to let them enlist, but paid for their racism when each lost 25,000 blacks to the British. The slaves returned on an honourable discharge after securing America's freedom, but not their own. Slavery continued and so did the numbers of slaves trying to escape to the free states or into Canada.
When the case made it to the Supreme Court they decided that Scott had no right to sue because he was from Missouri where slaves were not considered citizens (203). This was the right legal decision but was based on a bad law. The decision led to the fourteenth amendment of the United States which stated that all men and women born in the United States are citizens of the United States. The slavery arguments of the 1840s led to uneasy compromises that eventual led to an inevitable war. The numerous arguments surrounding slavery gave way to a war of epic proportions for the United States.
Dred Scott was slave whose owner took him to the north and stayed there for several years serving him. When wanting to return to the South, Scott declared that since they were in free territory he was a free man. He sued his owner for freedom because he believed that since he was in free territory, he was free an... ... middle of paper ... ... was automatically thrown out and the discussion of slavery was forbidden. Before the Civil War and the emancipation of slaves in the United States many people engaged in their disgust of the institution and the treatment of slaves by becoming abolitionists. There were many organizations, societies and individual who wanted to free slaves and would do anything possible to do so.
He didn’t believe anywhere in the United States is free because there is always the chance that a black man can be taken back into slavery because of the Fugitive Slave Laws. He believed that if a slave had the power to read or write, they had the power to free themselves. Frederick Douglass became the leading black abolitionist and one the most famous speakers of his time. His words about his treatment as a slave were a powerful weapon against slavery. People were starting to question whether he was a slave or not, which motivated him to publish his first autobiography.
(12) Stating that Lincoln 's feelings would be hurt to make them equal. Lincoln had no solution to the problem of slaves. When he was office, Lincoln, held a White House meeting with freed blacks to organize a colonization movement back to anywhere but the United States. (17) However, Lincoln was not successful in sending all blacks out of the country. (20) Lincoln believed slavery was wrong, but it was also protected by the Constitution and contained it in the South.
The government did not help but only added on to the slave issue at hand. With the ending of the twenty-year ban on Congressional action, Thomas Jefferson, who did not like the idea of slavery, initiates congress to criminalize the slave trades because it’s a violation of human rights, which have been going on for so long. Quickly, Jefferson had Congress outlaws the international slave trade with the act prohibiting Importation of Slaves. Importing or exporting slaves will be a federal crime, which all this doesn’t stop some whites obsessed with having a slave, thus illegal immigrants became a way of a quick pay day for some people. Gradually as the year grew on, the downfall of the African Ame... ... middle of paper ... ...ssed.
While he abhorred slavery he still believed that blacks were inferior to whites both physically and mentally. In essence his owning slaves was in eye a bit of charity to the them. Jefferson wanted to abolish slavery. He included in the declaration of Independence “a stinging indictment of George III for trafficking in slavery”, however congress edited this out of the declaration after Georgia and South Carolina objected. Later as President he outlawed the further importation of new slaves to the country.