A lot of people questioned how dreams relate to their conscious life. Dream interpretation dates back to over one hundred years ago. Some try to remember their dreams, while others may experience de ja vu. A few reasons why people do not recall their dreams, is due to lack of sleep or not getting enough nutrients. In order to get to that point, one must become acquainted with the 4 stages of sleep cycle ending with the REM cycle, which is when you undergo the actual dream process.
Introduction Just as how people have different personalities, they also dream differently. Some dream in black and white while others dream in spectacularly vivid colors. Some even believe that they do not dream, but that is impossible, everybody dreams. We actually dream several dreams in a single night. From the day we are born till the day we die.
The relationship between dreaming and repression is complex and requires thorough understanding of Freud’s theory thus it is better to get to know some of the terms and concepts Freud raises in study of dreams. As all the information is gathered, it is believed that the wish as fulfilled is shown only in a state of repression during sleep. It is universally known that dreams are full of meanings and emotions. In Freud’s theory, all dreams are wish fulfillments or at least attempts at wish fulfillment. The dreams are usually presented in an unrecognizable form because the wishes are repressed.
« The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind ».1 While Freud already used hypnosis and free association with his patients, he soon felt the need to include the interpretation of dreams in psychoanalysis as well. Freud decided he would developped his 'theory of dreams' to go further in his analysis. According to Freud, dreams allow unconscious desires, fears or emotions to express themselves in a disguised way. Dreams are an expression of wish fulfilment communicating through symbols. Throughout this essay, we will ask ourselves how dreams and their interpretation can be useful to psychoanalysis.
Dreams are mysterious things that happen to everyone. Dreams have been around for centuries and many theorists have tried to figure out exactly what dreams mean. From ancient times to now people still wonder what goes on inside their mind that makes them produce these amazing things called dreams. Dreams have been interpreted into various meanings throughout the years and almost everyone has a different outlook on what they mean and on why people dream. Different kinds of sleep have effects on certain types of dreams.
People can do pretty much whatever they want to do in a dream with practice. “Dreams that mimic the real life trauma indic... ... middle of paper ... ...about what researchers have studied in order to want the reader to know the science behind dreaming. The brain during the dream process is different than the brain of someone who is awake. “Sigmund Freud theorized that dreams were the expression of unconsciousness desires often stemming from childhood.” (Kantrowitz 2). When people dream, pain can also show up.
In this paper, I will talk about what I have learned about three different views of dream interpretations. One theory made by Sigmund Freud who believed that dreams are triggered by unacceptable repressed wishes, often of a sexual nature. He argued that because dreams we experience are merely disguised versions of people real dreams. The other theory called activation–synthesis theory, made by Allan Hobson and Robert McCarley, based on the observation that during REM sleep, many brain-stem circuits become active and bombard the cerebral cortex with neural signals. The last theory, proposed by William Domhoff, is called the neurocognitive theory of dreaming, which demonstrates that dream content in general is continuous with waking conceptions and emotional preoccupations.
Since the subconscious mind is the sleeping mind, the conscious mind can be thought of as the awakened mind, the mind which shows itself to others most often. (1) This is not to say that the conscious mind is reality, because (as will later be explained) reality is quite subjective. (1) It is just that the conscious mind is the one most people associate with reality. For example, people who experience an event while dreaming will refer to it as a dream, because it occurred in their subconscious. Whereas, if the event had occurred while they were awake-in their conscious mind-frame, then it would be considered as an actual experience.
Another way of avoiding a nightmare is to try to change the events that are happening and dream of a new ending. In other words, nightmares are dreams with a lot of negative feelings. Fear and anxiety are the most common cause of nightmares. Remember, nightmares are not real, they are just dreams. There are multiple ways that can cause these nighttime scares.
Therefore, having explored what are dreams, the history of dreams, the reason for dreaming and different categories of dream, we now understand that everybody dreams despite consciously or subconsciously. In fact, we spend one-third of our lives sleeping. Dreams depend greatly on our imaginations and thoughts and it can be related to reality because this how our brain works. Different people have different dream, as every dream is unique. Psychoanalysts state that the causes of dream are the suppressed desires of a dreamer while some researchers see it as the result of subconscious thoughts and desires.