Irony can often be found in many literary works. “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin is masterfully written full of irony. The characters of the short story, Mrs. Mallard, Josephine, Richards, Mr. Brently Mallard, and the doctors all find their way into Chopin’s ironic twists. Chopin embodies various ironies in “The Story of an Hour” through representations of verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony. One of the first ways Chopin embodies various ironies in “The Story of an Hour” is the representation of verbal irony. Verbal irony is defined as “irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning” (“verbal irony”). This type of irony …show more content…
Defined by Dictionary.com dramatic irony is “irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience, but not grasped by the characters in the play” (“dramatic irony”). This type of irony is one that is not seen by characters, but is known to the reader. Towards the end of the story Josephine begs for Mrs. Mallard to open up the door and let her in, as she is afraid her sister is making herself ill (Chopin 201). This is dramatic irony as Josephine does not realize that her sister is not actually making herself ill, but is instead rejoicing in her husband’s death. Another instance at the conclusion of the story, Mr. Brently Mallard enters through the door, Richards quickly tries to block him from Mrs. Mallard seeing (Chopin 201). Richards assumes that Mrs. Mallard is still grieving from her husband’s death. He shields her from seeing Mr. Brently Mallard as he knows it will too much emotion. The dramatic irony is Richards does not realize that she is happy and blocking her view of her husband will make her upset, but only because Brently being alive means her freedom is …show more content…
The definition of situational irony is “irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected” (situational irony”). This irony plays on what the reader thinks will happen, although it is not what actually happens. One of the first instances where situational irony is found in “The Story of an Hour” is as Mrs. Mallard finds out Mr. Brently Mallard has died. She grieves and then proceeds to want to be alone, locking herself in her room. Later she emerges euphoric and blissful. (Chopin 199-201). The anticipation is that Mrs. Mallard will be completely distressed over the passing of her husband, instead she is content with his death. The most pronounced form of situational irony in “The Story of an Hour” comes at the closure of the story when Mrs. Mallard leaves her room with Josephine full of life, lightness, and ready to take on the world. Only seconds later as she descends the stairs, Mr. Brently Mallard walks through the door killing her instantly (Chopin 201). The expectation is that Mr. Brently Mallard is dead and will not walk through the door. The irony is he does. Additionally the sudden death of Mrs. Mallard just from seeing her husband, is not
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In the stories “Story of an Hour”, “Everyday Use”, “The Necklace”, and “The Lottery” it is evident that irony was quite a large part of the short story. There is situational irony, which is when the situation turns out differently than expected. Also, dramatic irony is present, which is when you as a reader knows more than the character. The authors seem to base their whole story around irony to surprise their readers.
Dramatic irony is “a relationship of contrast between a character's limited understanding of his or her situation in some particular moment of the unfolding action and what the audience, at the same instant, understands the character's situation actually to be” (). In order for dramatic irony to occur, some amount of consciousness must be concurrently aware from both perspectives. Night encompasses the feelings the Jewish community had with the author's use of dramatic irony. Despite the inhumane conditions that persisted throughout the Holocaust, the Jewish society often applicated a sense of hopefulness
Irony can be very effective in storytelling if used well. The irony in literature is typically when an aspect of the story turns out differently than anticipated. In The Story of an Hour, the irony is thick. In the beginning, it mentions that Mrs. Mallard has a heart condition so her sister and husband 's friend tried to break the news of her husband 's death to her gently. This is ironic because the news of Brently 's death does not upset Louise but causes extreme elation. She is overjoyed that she is free from her prison called marriage. They are afraid to break the news to her in fear it will cause her grief or heart problems, but that is not an issue until her husband turns out to be alive. Kate Chopin 's writing style is very interesting. The first and last paragraphs are extremely effective and really accentuate the heavy usage of irony. The story begins by stating that Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with a heart condition so her sister took great care to break the news of her husband 's death as tenderly as she could. This paragraph ties into the ending sentence, "When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease- of joy that kills." The thing her sister was afraid of happening did occur, but not for the reasons she had
In analyzing Kate Chopin’s “The Story of An Hour” it is unquestionably an ironic, satirical, fiction abundantly filled with literary imagery and raw emotions. Chopin commences the narrative focusing on the frailty of Mrs. Mallard’s heart condition and the extent at which her sister, Josephine and husband’s friend Richards take measures to inform her of her husband’s passing. Mrs. Mallard comes to an emotional impasse grieving over her husband’s sudden accidental death and realizes her newly found emotional freedom that altogether overwhelms her in pure jubilation that is shortly lived.
In the “Story of an Hour” we observe many instances in which irony takes place. According to the Urban Dictionary irony is “a situation that is strange or funny because things happen in a way that seems to be the opposite of what is expected.” Therefore one of the main ironic situations that happen is upon the central character, Mrs. Mallard, not much is told about her character, but we do know she has a heart disease and she is a dedicated house wife. Mrs. Mallard’s heart trouble is one of many symbols in this story, Chopin does not tell us much about her but we can interpret that Mrs. Mallard’s heart trouble should not be taken literal, it is a sign of her unconsciously surrendering her heart, her identity as an individual, it is a meaning of how she sees herself.
In Kate Chopin's short story "The Story of an Hour," there is much irony. The first irony detected is in the way that Louise reacts to the news of the death of her husband, Brently Mallard. Before Louise's reaction is revealed, Chopin alludes to how the widow feels by describing the world according to her perception of it after the "horrible" news.
Kate Chopin employs the tool of irony in "The Story of an Hour" to carefully convey the problem inherent in women's unequal role in marital relationships. Chopin develops a careful plot in order to demonstrate this idea, one not socially acceptable at the end of the 19th century, and unfortunately, a concept that still does not appreciate widespread acceptance today, 100 years later as we near the end of the 20th century. Louise Mallard's death, foreshadowed in the initial line "Knowing that Mrs. Mallard was afflicted with heart trouble" takes on quite a different meaning when the plot twists and the context of her sudden death is presented unexpectedly, not upon her shock at her husband's death, but instead in her inability to endure the fact that he lives.
The short story, “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin, is a deeply symbolic piece, full of clever irony to play upon the themes of self-assertion and liberation. The primary forms of irony employed by most writers are verbal irony, dramatic irony, situational irony, and the occasional irony of fate, also known as cosmic irony. In “The Story of an Hour,” Chopin uses dark dramatic and situational irony to craft this tale of a long-suffering wife who celebrates her newfound sense of independence after her husband's death, then dies from the shock of discovering he is still alive. While the repetitive theme of the emotional bliss of freedom versus the agony of repression plays out, the irony facilitates many twists and turns that take place
Lorcher, Trent. “Irony in ‘The Story of an Hour’.”Bright Hub Education.N.p., 17 Apr. Web. 17 Mar 2014
Surprise can lead to happiness, or surprise can lead to depression. Situational irony is when somebody expects something to go one way, but it really happens the exact opposite way. Situational irony can also change the reader’s mind in a way they will never believe. In “The Ransom of Red Chief,” O. Henry uses situational irony to amuse the reader. In “The Necklace,” Guy de Maupassant uses a feeling of compassion for the short story. In “The Ransom of Red Chief” and in “The Necklace,” O. Henry, Guy de Maupassant, and any author can use situational irony to affect the reader's emotions.
Kate Chopin uses symbolism in weather in The Story of an Hour, to reflect Ms.Mallard's opinions and emotional state. Chopin also uses dramatic irony to let the reader experience the real truth behind Ms.Mallard’s death. These aspects of literature helps to create chopin’s distinctive writing
The situational irony is that his name was on the list and louis sees his name and tell the news to Mrs. Mallard’s sister. She locks herself in room and her sister think she is in pain but she was dreaming of her life is going to be great without her husband. The dramatic irony is her death in the end. As a reader I knew she dies because of the shock seeing her husband but the characters think she died because of joy. She was happy that he died and she wishes for a long life but sadly she dies.
In the short story, "The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin, three ironies take this story on a roller coaster of portraying emotions and simple situations. One of the first ironies is the element that even though bad news has been received, a person may perceive it differently than what someone expects, and it displays that life goes on for other people. The second irony that I see is the statement that Mrs. Mallard is said to be still yet young, but a lot of the description lead you to believe that she has had a long hard torturous life with her husband. And then the third irony scene is how she starts to rejoice in the fact that she is liberated from his control due to his death. However, the tables turn when he shows back up at the doorway.