Dramatic Devices in Williams' Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

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Dramatic Devices in Williams' Cat on a Hot Tin Roof "Williams instinctively understands the loneliness of a human being - his or her constant and desperate attempt that is to escape the reality that is there loneliness and their subsequent failure to do so". Williams portrays this loneliness to an audience through the spatial distances on stage between characters, which is suggested in the stage direction. "Margaret is alone". It is also emphasised through symbolism and the dialogue between characters. Big Mama accuses Margaret of not satisfying Brick in bed and of Brick's break down. After this accusation, "Margaret is alone, completely alone". By repeating this stage direction Williams is emphasising that it is imperative that Maggie should be alone. This signifies her isolation within her marriage. Both Maggie and Brick are isolated from each other within their marriage. Maggie is, because she is "childless" and Brick is, because he drinks and the reason for his drinking drives him to this isolation. Williams uses a lot of symbolism to illustrate this solitary confinement. Brick has a crutch for his ankle; this represents his physical need for a crutch and demonstrates how he uses it for support. This is also reflected in his drinking; Brick uses alcohol as a mental crutch for support. When Maggie is pushing Brick with the truth of what has happened between himself and Skipper "Brick is without his crutch". This signifies that he has no support and is unbalanced. Previously, Brick has been very detached, cold and always in control. He always had his crutch, without he becomes emotionally vulnerable even to the point of threatening ... ... middle of paper ... ... act between Maggie and Brick that has lead to Maggie and Brick's separate isolation and their isolation within their marriage. Williams sets the scene for this solitary confinement at the beginning of the play. He lulls the reader, or the audience, into a false sense of security by implying an intimate relationship. The scene is set with "a shower in the bathroom, the door of which is half open…a pretty young woman…bedroom". However, this intimate ideal is quickly reversed when the dialogue between Maggie and Brick begins. Williams uses stage direction and dialogue to clearly outline the isolation in Maggie and Brick and uses the setting to convince the audience into a false sense of security of their marriage. Maggie and Brick are isolated figures; they are isolated from themselves and people around them.

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