In 1945 Priestley’s party joined the labour party. Priestley was particularly influential in developing the idea of the Welfare State, this finally took place at the end of World War Two. The play is set in 1912 but was written and performed in 1945. This is significant as it allows J.B Priestley to make Mr. Birling seem even more ridiculous and naïve. For example, he mentions how there is not going to be a war, however by 1945 when the play was first performed the audience know that there were two wars between 1914 and 1945, World War One and World War Two, which began in 1939.
They wanted what the Labour party offered: free health service and a much better life style, after the Second World War. Conservatives lost to a landslide victory to labour. The U.K. went socialist. Priestley set the play in 1912 for a 1946 audience because he wanted to show the Edwardian society was still very hierarchical and if we didn’t change the rigid class system, a third world war would happen. He didn’t set the play in 1945 because it was before the world war when the class system was still very rigid.
J.B Priestly was one of the most popular authors of his time. J.B Priestly was a social and political thinker, these are the two aspects that count in this play. J.B Priestly was a strong patriotic socialist, and felt very strongly for social change to help the poor. During the Second World War J.B Priestly made radio broadcast. In the play 'An Inspector Calls' there are many times when rich and poor people clash against each other.
Social barriers had been abolished by the wars; everyone was forced to pull together and support their country. By setting the play in 1912 Priestley is reminding a 1945 audience of an era long gone that should never be returned to. The strong socialist message of the play ('we don't live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other', says the Inspector) is Priestley's way of conveying his support for socialist principles; they were the way forward, towards a 'brave new world' in 1945.
By learning these mistakes it would create a superior and more established hope for the future. “An Inspector Calls” is a moralizing glance at the site and situation of one family, the Birlings. Priestley uses his play as a vehicle to express his moral and social concerns; that if we do not begin taking responsibility for each others actions, there will be no hope, no foundation and most importantly no future. The characteristics of this family are chosen carefully and accurately. The “older generation”, Mr Birling is described as a “prosperous manufacturer” who believes that “a man has to mind his own business and look after himself” and should not get involved in “community and all that nonsense”.
The Inspector had a very socialist views, he was the complete opposite to MrBirlingwho was conservative. The Inspector made his views clear in the play, when MrBirlingtells the Inspector that he refused to pay the workers 25 shillings a week. The Inspector asks "why?" this gives us good reason to believe he wanted fairer pay for people and better basic lives. I think Priestleychose this message to be the theme of the play because he wanted to teach his audience about socialism and the dangers of cutting yourself of from the world just because of your class.
As a socialist Priestley believed that we are all responsible for each other. I think that Priestley has written this play to convince people that his views as a socialist are correct. The fact he wrote the play in 1945 yet set the play in 1912 was so he could make the ideas of Mr. Birling seem ridiculous with the use of hindsight. Mr. Birling talks about how there won't be a war, no problems with worker relations and how strong the Titanic is. All of Birling's ideas are shot down because there was a war with Germany, there was a general strike and the Titanic sank on it's maiden voyage.
We also know that the year 1912 is somehow significant because Priestly draws upon a number of dramatic devices within his play (these devices must be for this year because that is when the play is set). They did not believe that... ... middle of paper ... ... exist. Priestley's messages have certainly reached me. To be honest, first I believed the Birlings were a grateful, hard working family. However, the Inspector soon changed my point of view.
The Use of Dramatic Devices in An Inspector Calls By J.B Priestly In An Inspector Calls by J.B Priestly an inspector is introduced who wants to show and teach the Birling family. He wants to teach the Birlings about being responsible for their actions and that their actions can severe consequences. Priestly's main concern is to make to make the world a better place to live in for everyone. The date 1912 in which the play is set in is important because two years later World War One broke out. This is ironic because when the play is written in 1945 and that is when World War Two had just ended also this is when the first audience watched.
J. B. Priestly's Use of Dramatic Devices in An Inspector Calls In ‘An Inspector Calls’ the Inspector wants to teach the Birlings how important it is to treat everyone equally, regardless of social standing. I believe, in a way he is also trying to teach the Birlings how events can have ‘knock-on’ effects, and how their actions have consequences, even if they are not intentional. Priestly’s main concerns are the same to those of the Inspector – Priestly voices his opinions through the character. The play was set in 1912, this is important because it is two years before the start of the First World War.