Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson This novella, although unapparent, is intertwined with many allegorical undertones. Stevenson uses the book to criticise Victorian society and its hypocritical existence. The most significant thematic concern of the novella is the continually revisited theme of the duality of man and the camouflaged evil that lies deep within the human race. Stevenson was writing before the period in which the great psychologist Sigmund Freud was researching the human mind, so in some ways Stevenson was ahead of his time in resolving the 'mystery of the mind'. Stevenson's novella, after being added to by his wife on the book's revision, contained much evidence of these theories of the human psyche.
A Geography of Victorian Gothic Fiction: Mapping History's Nightmares. Oxford University Press, 1999. 166-209. Stevenson, Robert Louis. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.
Examine critically with particular reference to the language, the theme of man's duality in R L Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde The story 'Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde' portrays man's duality to perfection. This story can be classified as Science Fiction. He scientist Dr Jekyll wants to have self-satisfaction that he can master two personalities with perfection. The Victorian Society is the backdrop of this novel and the moral code turns people into hypocrites because they lead double lives.
Human nature: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, by author Robert Louis Stevenson is a novel about a man who struggles with social conviction and finds a less than perfect way to solve it. Dr. Jekyll cultivates a potion with an impurity that splits his respectable, socially acceptable self from the side that wants to act on every impulse. An example that shows the difference between the two personalities is the quote “even as good shone upon the countenance of [Jekyll], evil was written broadly and plainly on the face of [Hyde]”(131). Stevenson uses quotes like this throughout the novel to display the theme of human nature by showing that even the most respectable and honored man of society is human and succumbs to his selfish needs. A few ways this is shown is through other characters such as Mr. Utterson, Mr. Enfield, and Dr. Lanyon.
Harcourt College Publishers, 2000. 348-352 Mighall, Dr. Robert. A Geography of Victorian Gothic Fiction: Mapping History’s Nightmares. Oxford University Press, 1999. 166-209.
Oxon: Routledge Goldberg, A.(1999). Sex, Religion, and the Making of Modern Madness . New York: Oxford University Press Neaman, J. (1975). Suggestions of the Devil: The origins of Madness.
Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde London: Longmans, Green & co. 1886 Print • Saposnik, Irving Robert Louis Stevenson Twayne's English Authors Series, Teas 167 p88-101 .Twayne Publishers, Inc. 1974. Print • Germanà, Monica Gothic Studies Vol. 13 Issue 2, p98-115, Manchester: Manchester University Press 2012. Academic Journal
Thus Jekyll “regarded and hid them with an almost morbid sense of shame” (2011: 72). This repression under the pressure of Victorian society, were growing stronger. His consciousness of “man’s dual nature” (2011: 72) was growing severe. If we focus on Freud’s psychoanalysis we can say that his super ego was actually controlling his Id. He was focusing on his experimentation on this duality of human nature and came upon a conclusion “that man is not truly one, but truly two” (2011: 73).
In Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, by Robert Louis Stevenson, the dual nature of man is a main theme. Jekyll says: "Man is not /truly one, but truly two"(125), meaning all people have both a good and a bad side. Dr. Jekyll creates a potion to fully separate good and evil, but instead it awakens a dormant character, Mr. Hyde. Throughout the novel, Stevenson uses society, control, and symbolism to tell the reader about human nature. To begin with, Stevenson shows duality of human nature through society.