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Downs's syndrome as a Congenital Birth Defect

explanatory Essay
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747 words
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Many children every year are with some sort of Congenital Birth Defect. In fact, according to an article written in Children’s Health on NBC News website, eight million documented yearly, suffering from some type of birth defect. A particular Congenital Birth Defect that relates close to home is Downs’s syndrome. My Aunt Carolyn was diagnosed with Downs’s syndrome at birth and has struggled in many ways growing up including but limited to her health, making friends, and learning disabilities The National Downs’s syndrome Society also known as NDSS, is a society that researches information on the birth defect of Downs’s syndrome and aims at informing others of the causes, symptoms, the three different types, how common it is, when it was discovered and by who, and what impact it has on society. The organization states that Downs’s syndrome occurs when an individual has full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. Some general characteristics that The National Downs’s syndrome Society has recognized but not all diagnosed with Downs’s syndrome exhibit are low muscle tone, upward slant to the eyes small and arched palate, congenital heart disease and larger toes widely spaced. Stated in NDSS, recent studies state that one in 691 babies in the United States is born with Downs syndrome, making Downs syndrome the most common Genetic Condition. Approximately 4,000 Americans have Downs’s syndrome and about 6,000 babies are born in the United States yearly. Yearly studies have led to a broader knowledge of this Congenital Birth Defect, for example in the later years of the 19th century John Langdon Down published in a scholarly work a precise portrayal of an individual with Downs’s syndrome. Another, more recent researcher by the name of... ... middle of paper ... ... by attending school and being offered the chance to integrate with others who do not suffer from the same condition therefore they learn from them. In the article, The development of literacy skills in children with Downs’s syndrome: Implications for intervention, it is stated that the reading development skills have been linked to home and school influences on literacy development in Downs’s syndrome. In this particular article it also states that children facing this type of Congenital Birth Defect tend to perform better in the literacy skills when placed in mainstream schools, outperform their peers in special school in reading and language, and the time frame of enrolling them in school in there preschool years is a plus in their academics. Works Cited http://www.ndss.org/Down-Syndrome/What-Is-Down-Syndrome/ http://www.down-syndrome.org/reviews/2066/?page=1

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that there are three types of downs's syndrome: trisomy 21, translocation, and mosaicism.
  • Explains that the nation downs syndrome society does not say that down's syndrome is partial to a particular race or economic level. all three types of down syndrome are linked to genetic conditions, but they are not hereditary.
  • Explains that the dedicated research on the congenital birth defect has improved the life span of those with the disability.
  • Explains that one in 691 babies in the united states is born with downs's syndrome, making it the most common genetic condition.
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