Down’s Syndrome is a common disorder due to an extra chromosome number; it is the most common cause of mental retardation that occurs in 1 in 1,000 babies in the United States. (Genetic Science Learning Center) There are three types of Down’s Syndrome: Trisomy 21, Translocation, and Mosaicism. Trisomy 21 is the most common type of Down’s Syndrome; it occurs in 95 percent of Down’s Syndrome cases. Trisomy 21 is a disorder in which a newborn receives an extra third chromosome-21, instead of the normal 2. The second type of Down’s Syndrome is Translocation; it occurs when only a small piece of the chromosome-21 is found on another chromosome.
This is what happened, but few people came and I could see some disappointment in some faces. The first one I saw was my grandma’s, because she was praying day and night wishing to have a new grandson. She already had four granddaughters from the same son, why would she have a fifth one? Nevertheless, another thing was coming and it was much more stressful and frustrating than my grandmother’s wish. When my mother took my little sister to the doctor to vaccinate her, some terrible words let my mother astonished and troubled.
After Emily was born her mother, “with all the fierce rigidity of first motherhood, (I) did like the books said. Though her cries battered me to trembling and my breasts ached with swollenness, I waited till the clock decreed.” (Olsen 174). Then when Emily was two she went against her own instincts about sending Emily to a nursery school while she worked which she considered merely “parking places for children.” (Olsen 174). Emily’s mother was also persuaded against her motherly instincts to send her off to a hospital when she did not get well from the measles and her mother had a new baby to tend to. Her mother even felt guilt for her second child, Susan, being everything society deemed worthy of attention.
N.p., 11 Apr 2011. Web. 12 Dec 2011. . . "Selective Mutism."
Mosaicism is a rare occurrence, happening “in approximately one to two percent of Down syndrome cases” (Johnson, 2013). Initially, the correct number of chromosomes is passed on from the parents, but during the phase following fertilization, when the cells are dividing quickly, one cell divides irregularly, creating a group of cells with an extra copy of chromosome 21. A child with this type of Down syndrome has two kinds of cells, those with 46 chromosomes and those with 47, and usually has less severe signs and symptoms of Down syndrome. Translocation also occurs quite rarely, and happens during cell division when chromosome 21 breaks and attaches to another. All cells continue to have 46 chromosomes, but the broken part of chromosome 21 results in signs and symptoms of Down syndrome.
Not wanting to accept the verdict of the pediatrician, who said there was nothing they could do, Laura’s parents began to do some research about what the pediatrician said was wrong with their perfect baby girl. After a few searches, they saw that the pediatrician was wrong. While every person is different, Laura’s parents decide to begin her treatment right away and hoped that the steps that were about to be taken, were going to help ensure Laura was able to live her life as normally as possible. Laura is now 17 years old. She is a cheerleader in her high school, president of the drama club, and a straight A student.
However, females of a certain race, nationality or those who live in a certain region of the world have the same risk of having Turner’s. One in every 2000 to 2500 baby girls are born with Turner’s, according to the National Health Service in the United Kingdom. Normally if a baby is conceived with an X chromosome missing, the body will naturally abort the baby, which is a miscarriage. Turner’s is usually the cause of almost 10% of miscarriages in the first trimester. Monosomy is the reason that one X chromosome is missing completely, which means that every cell in the person’s body is missing one X chromosome.
Down syndrome is genetic disorder caused by presence of extra chromosome in 21st or third copy of chromosome in DNA. ‘It occurs about 1 in every 1000 live births’ (encyclopedia Britannica, 2014). The actual defect is an additional chromosome is established during cell development and the abnormal development results in 47 chromosomes rather than the normal 46(23pairs) chromosomes. Therefore, this extra chromosome causes problems in adolescent/child physical and mental development (encyclopedia Britannica, 2014). There is no cure for Downs Syndrome but this essay will discuss the Down syndrome causes, physical characteristics effects on Down syndrome child and possible control in-patient with down syndromes, which can help the sufferers to live active life.
Picture yourself as a pregnant mother, carrying your child for 5 weeks now. At this point in the pregnancy the baby now has a heartbeat, you still want your child. 8 weeks comes along, now this baby is able to feel pain finally, at this point you decide you no longer want this so you decide to have an abortion. Many people think they are making the right decision when they make this choice but really it’s a decision that will haunt you for the rest of your life. The average woman comes up with at least three excuses for having an abortion; ¾ say they if they have the baby it will interfere with work or school, another ¾ say they can’t afford this child and ½ say they don’t want to be a single parent or they’re having too many complications with their significant other.