Down Syndrome or Trisomy 21

925 Words4 Pages
People are different in so many ways, from their physical appearance to their way of thinking. We live in a word where we have to deal with diversity, unfortunately, not all people are conscious of the good manner to adopt. In buses, people avoid sitting next to them, they can also be rude and start gazing at them because of their flagrant unusual appearance. In the street, they are object to bullying and treated unequally. Their birth is more like a dramatic event than a blessing for some of their parents. I’m talking about trisomic people who are born with the Down syndrome. I am devoting this essay for this particular case of diversity because I feel really concerned with this issue that some people have regarding their behavior towards them. Three years ago, my mother gave birth to my little sister who suffers from trisomy 11 and at first we were really worried about her future and how she would be seen in our society where people can be healthy and still psychologically retarded. I love to call their syndrome stupidity, since it is not innate and natural but rather more like a choice. So, what is the Down syndrome? What are the signs and symptoms? What causes it? What is the impact it has on society? First, Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21, is a condition in which the number of chromosomes the human cells contain is more or less than 23 pairs which causes a delay in the way a child develops mentally and physically. Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring genetic disorder. There are three types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21 accounts for 95% of cases, translocation accounts for about 4% and mosaicism accounts for about 1%. Actually, according to some researchers recently done in the USA, one in every 691 babies is bor... ... middle of paper ... ... and terribly sad. Then I was telling myself repeatedly that this was a birth, a happy event, not some funerals. Why is everybody keeping being sad? She was a lovely beautiful baby, no one would have noticed the disability if the doctors haven’t told us. Hopefully, we started looking at it differently. Now my little sister is so adorable that I wonder sometimes how come such pureness exists in this world. In brief, Down syndrome is okay! Works Cited 1. Nelson. "76." Down Syndrome and Other Abnormalities of Chromosome Number". 19th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2011. N. pag. Print. 2. Kent, RD; Vorperian, HK (Feb 2013). "Speech impairment in Down syndrome: a review.". Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR 56 (1): 178–210. 3. Skallerup, S.. (Ed.) Bethesda. “Babies with Down Syndrome: A New Parents' Guide .”3rd edition. MD: Woodbine House. (2008)

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