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Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability

explanatory Essay
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558 words
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Down Syndrome: An Intellectual and Developmental Disability While researching exceptionalities in the textbook Educating Exceptional Children, I chose to research further into Down syndrome. It is one of the most common and easily identified exceptionality and based on the prevalence of Down syndrome I believe that this is one exceptionality I will Identifying Down syndrome Down syndrome is a genetic condition which can cause intellectual and developmental disabilities. Persons affected with Down syndrome have the common will have an additional chromosome; instead of 46, they have 47 chromosomes. Down syndrome occurs in about one in every 733 births, making it one of the most common birth defect (Cadsa). The physical traits shared by Down syndrome children and adults make this genetic defect easily recognizable. As described on the website, The Arc (2010), these physical traits may include flattening of the back of the head, eyelids that slant upwards and outwards, small skin that folds at the inner corner of the eyes, flattened noses, small ears and a small mouth which will make the tongue seem large. Most will have decreased muscle tone, loose ligaments, small hands and feet, and overall, a smaller statue. There are two features that are not so recognizable and will affect fifty percent of those with Down syndrome; one line across the palm, and a big space between the first and second toes. Like most exceptionalities, not every child will have all of the physical characteristics described and may only show evidence of a few, yet others will exhibit the more severe attributes of Down syndrome. Physically and intellectually, children and adults with Down syndrome will have a broad spectrum of functionality. Typically, thos... ... middle of paper ... ...ional therapist and of course, the family of the child. To have a child become a successful adult it is very important that whatever is being taught at school is also being applied at home. Conclusion Research has shown that children with Down syndrome benefit immensely with early intervention. Based on the child’s needs there are many specialist who can be obtained Works Cited Capital Area Down Syndrome Association About Down Syndrome The Arc Down Syndrome • A to Z of Brain, Mind and Learning 2005-2013 Remedium “What is Cognitive Development” http://www.learninginfo.org/cognitive-development2.htm • Down Syndrome Education International “Development and Learning” 2013 http://www.dseinternational.org/en-gb/about-down-syndrome/development/

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that while researching exceptionalities in the textbook educating exceptional children, they chose to research further into down syndrome, a common and easily identified exceptionality.
  • Explains that down syndrome is a genetic condition that can cause intellectual and developmental disabilities. it occurs in about one in every 733 births.
  • Explains that an amniocentesis can easily identify the chromosomal abnormality or after birth with a simple blood test performed on the newborn.
  • Explains that cognitive development is defined as how a child learns and processes information. children with down syndrome tend to learn and show progress slower than their peers.
  • Explains that research has shown that children with down syndrome benefit immensely with early intervention. based on the child's needs there are many specialist who can be obtained.
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