Norton Critical Edition. New York: Norton, 1989. Works Consulted Fanger, Donald. Introduction. Notes From Underground.
Social Contradictions in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Notes from the Underground Notes from the Underground, by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is a truly remarkable novel. Dostoyevsky's novels probe the cause of human action. They questioned conventional wisdom of what drove humans and offered insight into the inner workings and torments of the human soul. In Notes from Underground, Dostoyevsky relates the viewpoints and doings of a very peculiar man. The man is peculiar because of his lack of self-respect, his sadistic and masochistic tendencies, and his horrible delight in inflicting emotional pain on himself and others.
These hardships shaped him into someone who mostly saw the world at its worst and rarely at its best. He took his feelings of despair and transferred them into his writing, which caused his works to be dark, gloomy, and quite depressing. In conclusion, Edgar Allan Poe was a magnificent writer, although his poems and stories were disturbingly dark. His works directly reflected his life and outlook on the world. Many of his works echo the tragic loss of women in his life.
In both stories we see the conflict of good vs. evil within the characters that lead them to making their final transformations that evidently lead to their sanity or their demise. In the novel Crime and Punishment, Dostoevsky’s most significant characters, Raskolnikov and Marmeladov, have personas that are distinguished by their negative attributes. In the literature, the bad qualities in these two characters are quickly identified, the good in them only seeps through their deeds or thoughts but more than anything we see the conflict and transformation of good vs. bad within them. Marmeladov is a drunkard and Raskolnikov is a criminal, is it possible for these “bad” people to change? Semyon Marmeladov’s alcoholism is the cause of many of his family’s problems.
Though it is easy to misconstrue that Crime and Punishment is about a man versus his society, this work really depicts the struggle of a man against himself. Through his lashing out at the pawnbroker and her sister, Raskolnikov shows that the decrepit conditions of the time have clouded his inner sense of good and evil. Additionally, as the novel progresses, the protagonist continues to exhibit the distrust of the wealthier classes nurtured in him by the lack of access to his basic needs. The clearest example of this lies in his treatment of Peter Luzhin, Dunia’s suitor. When he first hears of the character, in a letter written by his mother Pulcheria, Raskolnikov immediately reacts, claiming that his sister agreed to the betrothal so that she might support him financially.
Due to this a man can further his joy by drawing examples from his own life. For example, if a man is sick, he desires for good wellbeing, because it is what he accepts as true ... ... middle of paper ... ...count the good of an activity. If the activity can be applied unanimously to all men, then the activity would clearly be deemed as good. I think Kant would compare the hypothetical and categorical imperatives to Aristotles theory that doing virtuous acts continually leads to the greatest good, eudaimonia. Kant's ethical idea of the good creates a consistent benchmark in which all beings achieve goodness in the identical kind Aristotle's notion of the good, where one can be searched as good only after years of living virtuously in a plethora of ways, Kant believed that only by utilizing good will to entire categorical duties made man good.
Through John Proctor we see the ludicrous nature of mass hysteria that exists when society has gone awry. It is apparent that Miller focuses his play around the moral struggles of the protagonist, John Proctor. Throughout the play, Proctor has many struggles that he must deal with and look deep into his soul to find the resolution. He undergoes a major survey of his character and it is only this way that he can gain redemption for his sins. By abiding by his own moral code, John Proctor makes many hard decisions that will affect the outcome of the play.
In Notes from Underground the narrator is anonymous, but he is known as the Underground Man, who describes his life, both past and present, his feelings, and thoughts. The reader can observe him struggling with many issues both internally and externally. Ultimately the reader can understand that the Underground Man is struggling with an identity crisis. “I am a sick man.... I am a spiteful man.
Moreover, the underground man is full of contempt for readers but is desperate that the reader understands, he reads very widely but writes shallowly, he depicts the social thinkers as superficial and he desires to collide with reality but has no ability to do this. Therefore the underground man is completely emotional, babbly with no real form. Works Cited Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Notes from Underground and the Grand Inquisitor, trans. R. E. Matlaw.
For the duration of his life, he has gathered awfulness, depression and melancholy because he is unable to avenge to his satisfaction wrongs done to him. Further ambushed by inquiries and problems, he keeps himself in this position by envisioning insults, and disguising the outrage they motivate. In the last part of the book, the underground man who is the storyteller and the protagonist calls attention to that he made a mistake by writing his memoirs because there is no point in indicating how he had ruined his life. He admits that "a novel needs a hero, and every one of the qualities of an anti-hero are explicitly assembled in the novel". With underground man, Dostoevsky depicts an opposite illustration of a legend who does not fulfill satisfy the expectation of readers, but rather still commands the novel as the principle