Doping In Sports Essay

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Ryan Burns Mrs. Stutz English p4 6 May 2014 Doping in Sports History of doping Many people believe that doping (taking a drug to enhance performance and beat the competition) was derived from the Dutch word Dop- the name for an alcoholic beverage made from the skins of grapes and started with the Zulu warriors taking it to improve their battle prowess. It is now known that the ancient Greek athletes used special diets and potions to enhance their performance. In the 19th century cyclists and other endurance athletes started using strychnine, caffeine, cocaine, and alcohol to improve their performance over long-distance races. Doping on a professional level At the 1904 Olympics in St. Louis Thomas Hicks used raw egg, Brandy, and injections of strychnine to win the marathon race. This event caused most people to realize that performance enhancing drugs need to be outlawed, for the safety of the athlete and the spectator both. It wasn't until 1928 that the IAAF (athletics) became the first International Sport Federation (IF) to ban doping (use of stimulating substances). And not till 1966 the UCI (cycling) and FIFA (football/soccer) were among the first IFs to introduce doping tests in their respective World Championships. It was in 1967 that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) instituted its medical commission and finally set up its first list of banned substances. First successful tests for steroids Although most IFs instituted drug testing in the 1970’s, the use of anabolic steroids had already become widespread and it was just too hard to detect them yet. Finally in 1974 a reliable method for the testing of performance enhancing drugs was found and people were starting to get caught. One of those who were caught w... ... middle of paper ... ...t performance enhancing drugs can harm you in more ways than it can help you. The list of side effect go on and on with problems such as: “Acne, Male pattern baldness, Liver Damage*, Premature closure of the growth centers of long bones (in adolescents) which may result in stunted growth*, Stunted growth and disruption of puberty in children” as well as: “Palpitations, Headaches, Sweating, Nausea, Muscle cramps, Nervousness.” Just from these few sentences we can see that performance enhancing drugs can cause some major pain and grief in your future life if you take them. Is performance enhancing drugs worth the risk? Going off of what my previous pages have stated, taking performance enhancing drugs aren’t the best idea if you want to get bigger and stronger. Performance enhancing drugs are, and will be forever, harming to your health and state of mind.

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