Does Terrorism Still Need Mass Media?

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Introduction Few would argue that the invention of the Internet has changed human life, especially how people communicate each other. According to Christian Fuchs, professor of social media at the University of Westminster in London, the Internet and new ICTs have transformed the ecological, economic, political and cultural systems of contemporary society (Fuchs 2008: 2). Imagine how, without the Internet, billion of people with billion of computers could interconnect to exchange data, texts, voices, pictures, and even videos. More than that, the ‘marriage’ between the Internet and communication technology has given something that in the past people only imagine that it could happen only in the science fiction books: videotelephony. It is a technology for the reception and the transmission of audio-video signals that enabling people to communicate from different locations in real-time. Moreover, this innovation leads people to another communication culture: videoconference or video-teleconference. Another thing that also important within the Internet technology is the World Wide Web or WWW or ‘the web’. It is a system of interlinked hypertext documents that can be accessed through the Internet. With this system, people can create and spread web pages, which contain texts, picture, and videos, and subsequently other people can easily access those pages via web browsers (Berners-Lee 2000: 10). Imagine how ideas and information can easily interchange throughout the network, which is an online global network. From this notion, imagine how the Internet has created the new era of freedom of speech—and obviously freedom of knowledge. Furthermore, since the inception of Google and other indexing and search engine websites, people have pe... ... middle of paper ... ...aims to investigate how terrorists use the Internet. It would also discuss the proportion that in the past terrorists were reliant on mass media to promote their causes they now can by-pass them and reach their audiences independently. This piece will be divided into three sections. The first part would try to discuss the notion of terrorism as an act of communication. This part would also examine the relationship between terrorism and media. The second part would try to discuss how terrorism uses the media to create and spread narratives, recruiting followers and generating messages. The third section would interrogate how terrorists use Internet and social media as the university of terror and the virtual training camp. This part would also undertake to hit the debate about the future of terrorism online culture. All those parts would lead to some conclusions.

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