This can be an issue with statistics as in order to measure and compare crime consistently crimes need to be classified and placed into groups of similar offences. While murder is a crime recognized and agreed upon by most nations, what makes up a homicide may be more challenging and then even simply just a ‘crime against the person’ can vary widely. This often means that what makes up a crime for many offences can vary throughout jurisdictions. This is a problem when categorizing offences for international statistical comparison. An example of this is the way that laws differ state to state within the United States, while ‘offences known to police’ is a statistic seen as quite a high representative figure of the offences, a lot of researches see that no official measure can ever come close to the actual amount of criminality that exists in any form in society (Archer, 1984) Definitional problems are concerned with whether or not crimes have equivalent meanings between nations,... ... middle of paper ... ...al Justice Moore, R., (1987) “Courts, Law, Justice and Criminal Trials” – International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice.
That dominance has been taken over to manipulate and put unethical and negative ideas about Islam and Muslims. There is one crucial event that brought the media’s attention to Islam, and that’s 9/11. The one event, that no matter who you ask they will go back to, and when someone is asked about Islam, the first thing that comes to them is terrorism, violence, and o... ... middle of paper ... ... every new outlet wants to debate about. This is mainly because of the fact not everything the media says about Islam is true. To say the least, most things said in the media are not true, and that’s genuine.
Due to violent acts by radical Islamic terrorist groups, the Western world has grappled with defining the Quranic term Jihad. The World Trade Center attacks on 9/11 have only exacerbated their confusion. It is important to understand what the word “Jihad” means before one can analyze how it being interpreted or misrepresented by the west. In Islam, Jihad refers to a duty that muslims must fulfill, or a religious duty. It could also mean the fight against someone’s negative emotions as referred to in the Oxford Islamic Studies or it could mean the struggle against nonbelievers.
Through use of records, surveys and statistics prevalent levels of data are available in relation to crime. The main sources used to measure crime are the official crime or police statistics and victim and self- report surveys. Crime statistics are influenced by funding and therefore may leave out some areas of crime. Victim surveys may not record the amount of offences committed against one person while self-report surveys show the amount of crime that has already been undetected. When compared this data shows huge gaps between the amount of crime reported and some of the crime committed.
Since most crime covered on television, radio, or through other media sources focuses on violent crimes, these statistics can be very confusing. As the authors point out in The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice by Victor E. Kappeler, Mark Blumberg, and Gary W. Potter, crime can be perceived in nearly every fashion. Unfortunately, crime is reported in ways that are not always accurate solely to influence the public.
The term jihadi was not always commonly recognized in the United States. It was not until the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks that the word jihad became widely known. Since the terrorist attacks, the media and the U.S. government have used the word jihad to invoke frightening images of non-Americans coming to destroy American freedoms and to define Islam. Today, scholars have begun to try to define this complex word and its multitude of meanings. When viewers tune into the news, it is sometimes difficult to unravel the layers of information that is being fed to them by the media and the U.S. government.
His non-violent, literary attack on Islam was, after all, taken by some Muslims to justify very real threats to his life. And, he marshals some reasonable evidence that many Muslims do believe that Islam is on board with the September 11 terrorists. Still, we ought not to declare that September 11 is "about" Islam, especially if this means that we ignore "foreign policy, humanity, global society, and the just ordering thereof"-- which Ebel says are obviously what September 11 is also "about." Ebel's list implies that a larger, broader causal story needs to be told, rather than simply to say that Islam gave us the horrors of September 11. I agree wholeheartedly.
By using Islam to 'legitimise' there cause, Islamic Fanatics target all Muslim which make up 1billion of the world population. Due to this focus and the fear of terrorism some Islamic communities have been isolated or alienated in the West. Which makes them vulnerable to possible recruitment by these groups (Malone, 2005). The myths and current meaning of terrorism has made it hard to find permanent solution not just today but through the ages. However by understanding these myths and the process of radicalisation, effective methods of countering terrorism has been implemented.
Those who try to influence the majority through acts of violence are considered today as “terror” organizations. Though perhaps if it were not because of the recent 9/11 terror attacks that maybe such warrants would not be seen as terror attacks, but instead the result of partisan advancement. Acts of terrorism have been around throughout the evolution of mankind. Terror attacks have even been traced back as far as the religious roots of an ancient middle east (Ross, Will Terrorism End?, 2006). However as man evolved, so did terrorism.
Many investigations and research have been done in an effort to discover and defend against terrorism. Through my research I have discovered a plethora of literature that confirms this notion. This review will focus primarily on two different aspects that work coherently to frame the big picture of our nation’s Achilles’ heel, better known as the southwestern border. These two aspects are: Muslim extremist targeted recruits and how the United States economy is intertwined. The selection of literature that I have compiled is contextually different, because they are used for various other reasons.