Does Contemporary Globaliztion Constitute a Change within a Pre-existent Social Order?
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1.Does contemporary globalisation constitute a change within a pre-existent social order; or is it (part of) a change of that order? Try to answer this question using at least 3 of the following concepts: multiculturalism, regionalism, human rights, gender, dislocation. You must exemplify your discussion with concrete examples (please try to avoid the "11 sept" example)
This paper will answer the question above with the help of three concepts; multiculturalism, human rights and gender. In order to answer the question I must begin with defining the chosen concepts.
Human rights will be used in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and gender will used as the World Health Organization (n.d.) defines it, thus as the socially constructed roles for men and women that a certain society considers appropriate. Multiculturalism has been defined in various ways, thus to be able to include the term in the discussion of this paper I must start with choosing a definition that will be used throughout the paper. Kenan Malik (2002) discusses how there exists an experienced aspect and an ideology aspect of multicultaralism. The experienced aspect recognizes what becomes more positive of living in a less homogenous society, however due to the narrow focus in this paper I limited the scope of multiculturalism down to the ideology. This aspect recognizes the more negative aspects, such as conflicts between cultures with different values and beliefs. Malik states that in a truly plural society everyone shall be treated as political equals in the public sphere, no matter what their private life looks like, and each citizen has in the private sphere the freedom to exercise what ever practices and values one wishes to.
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...vember 16. Accessed December 3, 2013. http://www.kenanmalik.com/lectures/muliticulturalism_if.html
Jütting, Johannes, and Indra de Soysa. n.d. ”Informal Institutions and Development: Think Local, Act Global?” Paper for international seminar, OECD. Paris. http://www.oecd.org/dac/governance-development/37790393.pdf Scholte, Jan Aart. 2005. Globalization: A Critical Introduction (2nd ed.). New York: Palgrave macmillan. Kindle edition.
Song, Sarah. 2005. ”Majority Norms, Multiculturalism, and Gender Equality.” American Political Science Review 99:473-489.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights .1948. ”Universal Declaration of Human Rights”. Human Rights Library. Accessed December 4, 2013. http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/b1udhr.htm
World Health Organization. n.d. ”Gender, women and health.” Accessed December 4, 2013. http://www.who.int/gender/whatisgender/en/