Document analysis

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1. What is the name of the document? Ida Tarbell Criticizes Standard Oil (1904) 2. What type of document is it? (newspaper, map, image, report, Congressional record, etc.) It is a magazine article in McClure’s Magazine, and an excerpt from the book, The History of the Standard Oil Company. 3. Is it a primary or secondary source? It is a primary source. 4. When was the document created? The document was created in 1903 in the magazine and 1904 in the book. 5. Who created the document? Ida Tarbell, a journalist, created this document. 6. What do you know about the creator of the document? Ida Tarbell was one of the “muckrakers” of the progressive era. She was a muckraker, referring to progressive journalists. She participated in investigative journalism, where reporters research a single topic, in this case digging up “muck”, in depth for months or years. Ida also experienced the outcomes of the Standard Oil trust. Her father, Franklin, became the first manufacturer of wooden tanks for the oil industry. After a while, the Standard Oil Company forced other oil suppliers to bankruptcy, and the company became Franklin’s client. However, the Standard Oil Company refused to pay Franklin, which resulted in the suicide of Tarbell’s buisness partner and failure of their business. 7. Did the creator have any bias? Yes, Ida Tarbell was a muckraker, as stated above. This means she was a reforming journalist, and was able to reach a large audience. She participated in allowing the public to be aware of problems that needed to get fixed. She was really against the Standard Oil Company because of the appalling outcomes that impacted her own personal life and family. Ida Tarbell would have bias because of these reasons. 8. Is the creator a reliab... ... middle of paper ... ... or reporting a message) The document was created to remind the US Industrial Commission to honestly and properly execute laws. 10. Who was the intended audience for the document? The intended audience for the document is the lawmakers and people who execute laws at the US Industrial Commission. 11. What can you infer from the document? I can infer the author of this document was upset and sad at how unjust and unfair the Standard Oil Company was being, and how the laws were not being executed. 12. List three things you have learned from the document I learned oil transport companies clandestinely paid costs back to Standard Oil Company because they feared they would lose their contracts if they did not pay them back. Other oil companies were, therefore, unable to match the costs of freight rates. Finally, laws were not properly being executed in the United States.
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