Dylan Thomas' poem "Do not go gentle into that good night" is about a son’s bereavement and the acceptance of his father dying. Thomas knows death is inevitable, therefore, he uses persuasion to get his father to "rage, rage against the dying of the light” (Line 3). Villanelle poems require two repeating rhyme schemes. Thomas helps the reader visualize dark and light. : “Wise men… know dark is right” (4).
Dylan Thomas ' poem Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night is about a son’s bereavement and the acceptance of his father dying. Thomas knows death is inevitable, therefore, he uses persuasion to get his father to resist his imminent death. Thomas uses examples of different characters, and how they fight the oncoming of death to aid in that plea. Anger and frustration sets the tone of this poem, he wants his father to live and not give up on life. While wise men, good men, wild men, and grave men have differences they each learn too late, and lament their lack of foresight, even they “do not go gentle into that good night,” instead they “Rage, rage against the dying of the light” .
In this villanelle form poem, through the use of the metaphor language and images, especially the parallelism, writer gives examples of wise men, good men, wild men, and grave men to his father who was dying at the time this poem was written and also tires to convince his father to fight against the coming death. Thomas thinks a man who is dying in an old age should not die quietly, but fight with death until the last second. He begins the poem with second-person point of view and constantly reminds readers not to go gently into death and darkness, but rather to fight with them. To express the death and darkness, In the first stanza, Thomas uses a metaphor in which day represents life, night represents the afterlife and close of day represents the moment of death,” Do not go gentle into that good night,…, at close of day”(line 1-3). The first line of the poem is also a refrain.
This is telling his father to fight death and not give up. Thomas’s perspective of death is of sadness, acceptance and even some resistance. The poet tells his father to fight death as well as understanding everyone must die.” Though wise men at their end know dark is right, because their words had forked no lightning.” Thomas is telling you that even wise men’s fate are no more inevitable than the common man. Everyone must go gentle into that good night. Dylan has a sense of urgency in the poem.
It pained Dylan Thomas to see his father so peaceful, because he had been very sarcastic and angry his whole life. His ill father was just a shadow of his former self. In the poem, he urges his father to “not go gentle into that good night”. “That good night” represents death and the end of his pain. He knows that his father is going to a better place, but he doesn’t want him to fade peacefully.
In Dylan Thomas’s “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,” Thomas depicts death as a time of struggle that every person must face before leaving this life. He uses this poem as a plea for his father not to accept his death but instead to try to fight with everything he has in order to stay alive. Although the poem is directed toward his father, I think that he is also addressing mankind as a whole. He feels that everyone should want to resist death no matter how they lived their life and whether or not they were satisfied with their life. Thomas compares death to different aspects of nature and effectively displays these aspects throughout the structure using different literary devices.
He begs his father to fight death. This whole poem is Thomas's struggle to cope with his father's death. He writes the poem while his father is still alive and never shows it to him. This poem may have helped him to deal with his father's death, and it may have taught Thomas a little about death itself.
The first is to try and convince his father to fight harder for life and to stay with him for as long as he could. If this was a reason than Thomas failed because his father died shortly after writing this poem. However the other reason for writing the poem, was to express his feeling during this time in his life and his desperation for his father not to die. I feel that in this respect Thomas did an amazing job of translating his pain into this poem. I have lost a parent and it is still a fresh wound, I can feel the need that Thomas has for not losing his father.
All of these men are on the verge of dying but there is still a reason to live. To encourage his father, Thomas uses repetition, parallelism and imagery to convey that death should be resisted. Death is inevitable; however, Thomas persuades his father to fight against death using repetition. This poem is a villanelle which is a 19 line poem that has a rhyming scheme of A and B. It adds to the poem and strengthens the theme.
Life is something to appreciate in full, no matter how “wild” something seems it should happen because of the shortness of “flight” that is mortality. This stanza ends with the “do not go gentle” refrain, illuminating the fact that the “wild men” are not going gentle into death. The “wild men” are described as the ones who are not allowing themselves to fade quietly into death, which is what the speaker desperately wishes his father would do. As the poem’s end draws near, the speaker’s pleas get more and more desperate for his father to fight against death, because the end of the poem symbolizes the end of his father’s fight. The speaker describes the “wild men” as ones who “sang the sun in flight,” meaning these men were the ones who appreciated the beauty and took advantage of what the entire world has to offer in the blink of an eye lifespan people are given to leave their mark.