In primates such as chimpanzees it is imperative to look at their culture to understand their intelligence. Culture in this circumstance means a specific set of behaviors obtained through learning in a population/species. Chimpanzee’s intelligence is quite unique how they interact with their environment and use it to their benefit just like humans. They have the ability to overcome the obstacles of everyday life through learning and the ability to use tools to create a better quality of life. The complexity of their intellect is different from any other animal ever seen.
Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language? Scientists have shown that such mammals as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans are capable of learning and using ASL (American Sign Language) and several artificial languages like, for example, «Yerkish.» However, there is a controversy in how far that ability of great apes spans. There are two different groups of researchers, experimenting with language and apes, those who are in favor of a «traditional» approach, and those who prefer a new, «modern» one. Most debates among them are about the questions: Can great apes meaningfully relate words? Can apes create sentences?
The chimps communicate together with emotions but could not form words but could try usin... ... middle of paper ... ...ide human help” ( Animal Communication: Chimpanzees). This level of understanding and comprehension was a giant leap in the understanding of chimpanzee intelligence, meaning that it is possible for Chimpanzee’s to learn a sign language and teach each other. But Human language still separates them from the animal kingdom because they are the only ones that use actual words instead of dances, and songs, although humans also use that. Animals use only body language, sounds, touches, instincts, calls, songs, dances, etc etc, but humans can use all of these things and more. Although it is possible for chimpanzees to maybe use ASL, they will never have as complex of a language as humans who use everything the animals do plus some.
Many extremists try to argue that there are other ways and we should not be testing on animals because it is cruel. However, no other ways will come close to physically doing the real surgery or transplant. Animals make good test subjects Jane Goodall said that “chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with Humans” (Animal Testing). Jane Goodall also said that “mice are 98% genetically similar to humans” (Animal Testing). This makes chimpanzees and mice the closest thing we have to test on besides ourselves.
Some scientist feel that they could find healthy alternatives, while others feel that they have the right to use animals in their experiments, and that the animals are inferior to humans; therefore, have no rights ("Controversy of Animal Testing - About Animal Testing (UK)"). Scientist preform a lot of experiments on animals, but more than ninety percent of them are for human benefit (“Adams, Stephen”). Things like cosmetics, vaccinations, and solution to diseases. A major flaw within doing these things is that animals and humans have different genetic structures. By them having different genetic structures it makes it difficult because they could find something that works for an animal but could harm a human and the other way around.
For many years, people assumed that humans are significantly different from other species, which made them somewhat superior. However, research on animal behavior, especially our closest relatives, the apes has led to new discoveries that show many similarities between human and animals. Some of these similarities have questioned the uniqueness of humans and have led to debates not only among scientists but in the public as well. Frans de Waal, a renowned primatologist and the author of The Ape and the Sushi Master, is among the scientists that claim animals and humans are quite similar. The main focus of his book is to show that culture is not exclusive to humans.
This supports the idea that non-human animals are capable of deceit. The characteristics of this behaviour are very like a conditioned behaviour. It is nearly impossible to say whether non-human animals are intelligent. Most studies, in this field of psychology, were carried out on primates, and it is thought that these animals are naturally superior. It seems most behaviour in the research discussed in this essay can be explained through association learning, therefore not actually a result of intelligence.
Episodic memory which is memory of what happened, where and when aspects of an event is a popular concept in psychology . It is a well studied phenomena in human psychology. With a growing interest to test the existence of episodic memory in other animals, which is hard to demonstrate as there is always ambiguity due to lack of mutual language in non human subjects. Thus, the researchers came up with a term episodic like memory to represent the phenomena in non human animals. In a study Clayton and colleagues, showed the scrub jay demonstrate episodic like memory.
I include in the thinking category a thermostat makin... ... middle of paper ... ...a human who's body is almost entirely mechanical) are people? If we cannot distinguish their minds from regular humans', then we have no basis for denying that they have the same basic rights. As for the second question, that is much tougher, and he makes the analogy to animal rights, for even now computers exhibit intelligence that is roughly equal to many animals. However, since I have proved my main point, and run over my page limit, I will now bow out. The area of animal rights is still hotly debated, and we still often disagree on many aspects of human rights.
The intelligence and emotions of animals has been a long debated topic in the academic and scientific world. Until recently, it has been anathema in the scientific world to suggest in print that intelligence of some sort, perhaps even self-awareness, might guide the routine and often stereotyped behavior of many animals (Gould 3). The idea of intelligence in animals has always appealed to humans. Many are thrilled to think that animals may exhibit more human characteristics, intelligence, and emotions then we have given them credit in the past. Others who oppose the idea do not like giving animals the same status as humans because it would mean giving them the same respect and treatment.