Djibouti Essay

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The Republic of Djibouti is a country located in the Horn of Africa (East Africa) (CIA,2012). It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and Somalia in the southeast. It also borders the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden in the east (CIA,2012). The country of Djibouti is a multiethnic nation with a population of over 860,000 inhabitants (WHO, 2012). An estimated 77.1% of Djibouti’s total population reside in urban areas (CIA,2011). The country’s total expenditure on health per capita is $193 and it’s total expenditure on health is 7% of its Gross Domestic Product, it is considered a lower-middle income country ( WHO, 2011). A large proportion of the population lives in extreme poverty and lack access to basic social services. The countries faces many health issues including poverty, chronic food and water crisis ( WHO, 2013). Despite the progress made in the nation’s implementation of a Nation Health Development Plan, Djibouti continues to face challenges and shows high rates of child and maternal mortality, high rates of noncommunicable diseases and communicable diseases ( WHO, 2013). According to The World Bank Djibouti’s health indicators are among the lowest in the world.
Health Status Indicator: Life Expectancy
An important indicator of the status of health in any country is the average life expectancy. the According to the CIA World Factbook, the average life expectancy of Djiboutians is 62.4 years (2014). This translates to 59.93 years for males and 64.94 years for females. There has been a progressive increase in life expectancy for the country since the 1940’s although it still ranks at 187 out 223 in the World Life Expectancy rankings (CIA, 2014).
The health adjusted life expectancy (HALE) at birth determin...

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...eaching 988 or 14.79% of total deaths in the country (WHO, 2011). It is the second cause of death within Djibouti and it maintains an adjusted rate of 130.17 per 100,000 people. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS also extends to the transmission of the disease from mother to child which is estimated at 26% (WHO, 2013) . Within the country 7,700 people are living with HIV/AIDS. The prevalence rates of the disease between people of age 15 and 49 is at 1.2% (UNAIDS, 2012).
Tuberculosis on the other hand is the third cause of death within the country (WHO, 2011). The deaths due to Tuberculosis is at 733 or 10.97% of all total deaths. The age adjusted death is 111.70 per 100,000 people. The high rate of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS have raised concerns of co-infection within the country.
Health Status Indicator: Burden of Disease

Comparison of Health

Interpretation

Conclusions
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