As a team we all discovered that much like any other stereotypes, the stereotypes about the Irish have their ori... ... middle of paper ... ... many great traditions, many of which have bled over into American culture, such as St. Patrick’s Day. After learning all of this about the Irish culture, how do we go about eliminating stereotypes of it? After 200 plus years of existence, the USA still has a pretty large problem with discrimination. We are a country comprised almost entirely of immigrants, yet we perpetuate these stereotypes and create tension among different cultures. Like any culture, the responsibility to change these stereotypes lies in the Irish and Irish American’s collective hands.
The combined ingredients of both give reasons in why the British Army was sent in. The causes in why British troops were sent in can be put into an order of importance, Partition being one of the most important causes, followed by plantation then Easter Rising. The Easter rising led partition, this brewed troubles on both catholic and protestant side, as neither side can forget the past, showing the failure of partition. Both Irish Catholics and Protestants cannot forget the history as they outline the importance of this for them. After Partition, Catholics found that they were in the minority in the Protestant controlled North.
Northern Ireland has for years been a land of conflict between its two major groups the Catholics/Republicans and Protestants/Unionists. The principal factor causing this strain between the two factions is not racism, but another ‘ism’ that is closely related called sectarianism. As described by Liechty and Clegg, “[s]ectarianism…is a system of attitudes, actions, beliefs, and structures at personal, communal, and institutional levels which always involves religion, and typically involves a negative mixing of religion and politics” (102-103). Two examples of sectarianism seen in Northern Ireland are the parades and the religious documents, specifically the Orange Order Parade and the document “One Bread, One Body”. These both display explicit examples of sectarianism even if it was not intended.
During the sixteenth century there was a lot of rivalry between the Catholic Church and Protestants and when King Henry VIII broke away from the Pope and became Protestant, Ireland remained strongly Catholic. This caused conflict as in 1602 Elizabeth I gained control of Ireland. In 1603 King James I planted Protestants in a region of Ireland called Ulster. Various massacres took place, Protestants remember the massacre of Protestant settlers by Irish Catholics in 1641 and Catholics remember the massacre of Catholics troops by Protestant troops in 1649, although these are different events they were both used against the other side, and any fault of their own side was justified, this increases tension between the two and validates hatred. Generally the people in Ulster remained strong to the English crown, these are called Unionists and wanted to stay part of the United Kingdom.
The Anglo-Irish conflict in Northern Ireland is a complex web that involves a struggle between classes, government power, and religion. This conflict began before the 18th century when Ireland was ruled and governed by the British until a heightened sense of Irish nationalism arose. The Irish people wanted freedom from the British government and the independence to rule themselves. Eventually the disputes were consolidated to Northern Ireland. Factors such as class struggle and politics became further entwined in this web.
While it was customary to think that the rebellion of 1641 was a reaction to the Ulster Plantation, or ‘a straightforward tale of conflict between protestant and catholic’, wider research has now proved these explanations to be oversimplified. There are also varying views on the involvement of the Lords and gentry of the Pale in the rebellion. Initially, this essay will briefly explore some of the background events which led to the rebellion. However, the primary concern will be to trace the outbreak and development of rebellion in county Louth, by using the depositions as a primary source. This will also include an analysis of the involvement of the Lords and gentry of Louth in the rebellion.
I wanted to understand how individual identities and also community identities contributed to the rise of the conflict. I wanted to know why specific organizations were more violent than another and why there was little attempts to cooperate. The second discipline I used was Theology. Possibly the most dominant sources of the conflict has been on a theological foundation. The tension between the Catholics and Protestants has driven the violence and disagreements within Northern Ireland.
Much of the conflict has taken a political form. This complexity of a religious battle fought along political lines plays a major role in its perpetuation. One can begin to determine the reasoning behind the violence in Northern Ireland by learning about the history of the region and the conflict between Catholics and Protestants. There was tension among the religious beliefs in the beginning of the conflict, and some tension still exists today, but little of the strife is in reference to whether the bread and wine of communion is Jesus' body and blood or if it is just symbolic. While some Protestants and Catholics still dispute their beliefs and the proper way to worship God and Jesus Christ, a major part of the dispute exists strictly at the political level.
Religion Separatism in Northern Ireland Throughout history, the desire for a group identity has created the political and religious divisions of the world. As members of the human race, we define ourselves as a distinct group, and this inclination for categorisation and identity formation pervades all human existence. The need to have an "other" is the basic driving force that has started wars, created religions and forged boundaries and borders. This need for inclusion of those like "us", and exclusion of the other, or those not like us has led us to having an identity that relates not to any genetic difference, but our social environment. The history of Northern Ireland can be viewed in a context of difference, and it is from this perspective that I shall be discussing how this need for inclusion and exclusion have manifested in the social and political structure that exists today, as exemplified by the events in 2001 at The Holy Cross Primary School.
Religion in James Joyce's Dubliners Religion was an integral part of Ireland during the modernist period, tightly woven into the social fabric of its citizens. The Catholic Church was a longstanding tradition of Ireland. In the modernist spirit of breaking away from forces that inhibited growth, the church stood as one of the principal barriers. This is because the Catholic faith acted as the governing force of its people, as portrayed in James Joyce’s Dubliners. In a period when Ireland was trying to legitimize their political system, religious affiliations further disillusioned the political process.