Diversity in the United States

analytical Essay
1638 words
1638 words

Part One

The United States population continues to increase in racial and ethnic diversity, therefore, it is pertinent that mental health professionals tailor their services to the needs of various cultural populations (Constantine, Kindaichi, Arorash, Donnelly, & Jung, 2002). The awareness that ethnic minorities experience negative consequences from being oppressed, resulted in the multicultural competence pedagogy and has helped counselors identify effective strategies to generate social change (Hage, 2003; Vera & Speight, 2003). Social norms that cause these injustices are identified, allowing for ethnic minorities to constitute and embrace empowerment. Moreover, this consciousness helps prevent therapists own bias’ from playing potentially oppressive roles stemming from their own worldview and builds on an understanding of their diverse clients life experiences (Sue & Sue, 2012). Counselors who commit themselves to social justice, value the fairness and equity in treatment and rights for marginalized individuals. According to Sue & Sue (2012), “an enlightened approach that acknowledges potential oppression in the manifestation, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment is best accomplished by taking a social justice approach,” which may be by challenging traditional models of therapy (Kindle Location 2919).

Cultural perspectives, sociopolitical influences, and externality may determine how individuals formulate their locus of control/local responsibility, which in turn, constructs their worldview. Mental health professionals who are not multiculturally competent may interpret socially devalued groups who display very strong external control beliefs “as being inherently apathetic, procrastinating, lazy, depressed, or anxious about ...

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...ustice Framework: Implications for School Counselors and Educators. Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology, 1(2), 14-30.

Hage, S. M. (2003). Reaffirming the unique identity of counseling psychology: Opting for the "Road less traveled by." The Counseling Psychologist, 31, 555-563.

Hassouneh, D. M., & Kulwicki, A. (2007). Mental health, discrimination, and trauma in Arab Muslim women living in the U.S.: A pilot study. Mental Health, Religion, and Culture, 10, 257-262.

Lewis, Arnold, House & Toporek (2003). Advocacy Competencies. ACA Governing Council. Retrieved on November 21, 2013 from

Sue, Derald Wing; Sue, David (2012-07-10). Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice (Wiley Desktop Editions). Wiley. Kindle Edition.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that muslims began their immigration to the u.s. in the late 1800’s for various reasons including persecution based on ethnicity, religious beliefs and practices, and civil war and international conflict.
  • Analyzes how the negative portrayal of muslims and islam in the media has exacerbated this discrimination and racial profiling.
  • Explains that institutional racism is alive and well in western society and continues to impose discriminatory and bias statutes on ethnic minorities. counselors' competency for social justice advocacy is derived from awareness of the issue at hand, knowledge and understanding of core issues.
  • Explains that the multi-phase model of psychotherapy, social justice and human rights (mpm) provides mental health professionals with strategies to better serve the muslim immigrant population.
  • Explains that the implementation of the mpm would benefit the depicted muslim parents who were suspected of child abuse.
  • Argues that mental health professionals tailor their services to the needs of diverse cultural populations. the multicultural competence pedagogy helps counselors identify effective strategies to generate social change.
  • Explains abu-ras, suarez, and reddy, l. a. understanding the mental health needs of american muslims: recommendations and considerations for practice.
  • Cites cair's policy bulletin on integration and disenfranchisement of western muslim minorities.
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