This is due in part to the huge importance that is given to the use of language in contemporary descriptions and estimations of literature. Ironies and paradoxes seem to reflect and embody the sorts of linguistic rebellion, innovation, deviation, and play, that have throughout this century become the dominant criteria of literary value. The explicit association of irony with paradox, and of both with literature, is often ascribed to the New Criticism, and more specifically to Cleanth Brooks. Brooks, however, used the two terms in a manner that was unconventional, even eccentric. He seemed to think of irony as a principle of order and unity: not so much a feature of language or meaning as a sort of coherence yoking disparate elements together, rather like Aristotle's conception of wholeness and integrity in Poetics 8 (Brooks 1951).
Jacobs argues that slavery is as much a curse to whites as it is to blacks. She demonstrates this point by showing how the morality of each is corrupted. Stewart in turn affirms that slavery prevents blacks from fulfilling their God-given potential and deprives them from true self-actualization. Both authors' work would have been received by predominantly white abolitionists and it is to this audience that they plead their case. HARRIET JACOBS In Harriet Jacobs' autobiography, Incidents In the Life Of a Slave Girl, she asserts that slavery is a curse to the nation and is a factor in the breakdown of the ... ... middle of paper ... ...b page] Nov 1998; http://www.monticello.org/Matters/people/hemings_resource.html [Accessed 20 Nov 1998].
Holding the writer’s hand, we can see an entirely diverse world, with her assistance we can seek to comprehend the potential of human accomplishment. Gloom, failure and discontent chiefly in the matter of human relationships do not, however, give rise to complete chaos and anarchy. We perceive the struggles of the protagonists, as gallant efforts that finally bring grandeur to the individual and add dignity to the courage of liberty. The Dalit/Tribal discourses on human rights in free India based on Ambedkar and Periyar movements infiltrated into literary works of Indian writers and have been gathering momentum. The post-Independence, post-Emergency period witnessed literary works exposing atrocities on Scheduled Castes and Tribes.
As we delve into the unwavering style of Orwell’s essays, we experience the sheer influence which language has on the development of society, proving to the reader that Orwell’s work is not only a zeitgeist of his context, but is becoming undeniably prevalent within our own. This is made clear throughout “Politics and the English Language”, where the egalitarian essayist breaks down the decaying anatomy of language and its influence on the minds of society. Such a perspective is ultimately driv... ... middle of paper ... ...n one of Mary Shelley’s many existential purposes, that all of mankind has an innate duality, a balance between monstrosity and humanity. After careful consideration of both texts and their contexts, the extent of which Scott’s film noir, “Blade Runner” enhances Shelley’s purpose more fully is identified through the universal values of the definition of humanity and the dual nature of mankind. These values are spurred forward by insatiable hubris and innate ambition which is mirrored through the vastly polar contexts and textual forms.
Hybridity and National Identity in Postcolonial Literature Every human being, in addition to having their own personal identity, has a sense of who they are in relation to the larger community--the nation. Postcolonial studies is the attempt to strip away conventional perspective and examine what that national identity might be for a postcolonial subject. To read literature from the perspective of postcolonial studies is to seek out--to listen for, that indigenous, representative voice which can inform the world of the essence of existence as a colonial subject, or as a postcolonial citizen. Postcolonial authors use their literature and poetry to solidify, through criticism and celebration, an emerging national identity, which they have taken on the responsibility of representing. Surely, the reevaluation of national identity is an eventual and essential result of a country gaining independence from a colonial power, or a country emerging from a fledgling settler colony.
“We are talking about two chronologies. One is the sequence of texts; the other is the sequence of intellectual movements. Such as feminism or such as Marxism which change the way we read texts.” (Armstrong). One of the most influential modernist writers is Thomas Stearns Eliot. His one of many poems Preludes is a direct and indirect criticism to his society.
Tate, Gayle T. "Harlem Riots of 1935 and 1943." Encyclopaedia of African-American Culture and History. 1996 ed.
Silence is guilt where fearless speech is a basic courage. Be it Negro in the west or Dalit in the East, it is the spirit of rebellion or resistance in the face of oppression marks them distinguishable different from others. All great literatures of today invariably aim at capturing those moments of man’s continual struggle for freedom and independence while our established critical theories try to evaluate those proclaimed values Broadly speaking , Afro- American writings reflect on the experience of the oppressed people who have been victimized by the forces which are either politically motivated or socially engineered. This paper proposes to look into different dimensions of the experience of neglect, subjugation, oppression, discrimination and isolation in order to collectively conceive the basic questions involved in our understanding of human life and destiny. Also, it aims at scrutinizing different historical, cultural, socio-political, critical and generic dimensions of the terms ‘freedom’ and ‘identity’ and their relation to the context of modern India today.
Complex also are the meanings behind the metaphors of nature included within the text. It represents a challenge for the colonists, often also signifying decay and degeneration. Finally Kurtz and Marlow represent imperialism and the colonists. All these metaphors come together and contribute not only to the effect for the reader, but also to the overall meaning. From the very moment Marlow speaks the reader is presented with light and dark imagery.