Distinctive Voice of Distress-A Study of Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye

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In the age of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization terms like post-colonialism, ‘post modernism,’ ‘subaltern,’ ‘hybridity,’ ‘hegemony’ resound in the halls of contemporary academic seminars and conferences. These concepts are to be comprehended in terms of their impact on literature. Furthermore, several post-structuralist theories like Feminism, Marxism, marginalization-subversion of hegemonic discourse, pluralism and heterogeneity have contributed to the growth of literatures by Red Indians in Canada, Blacks in Africa, Aborigines in Australia, and Dalits in India. Literature of Protest and marginalism are the different names attributed to these literatures. A typical touch of agony runs through all these writings irrespective of their language, content, culture, caste, colour, class or gender.

The impact of the ideologies of Foucault, Derrida, Gayatri Spivak and Edward Said and the expansion of knowledge helped in the blossoming of Dalit literature in all languages. In its broader sense, the term ‘Dalit’ means those who are crushed and downtrodden. The position of Dalit literature can be graphically understood in terms of the paradigms such as the colonizer/colonized, oppressor/oppressed, victimizer/victimized, dominant/dominated and subject/subjugated. Dalit Literature is simultaneously universal, global and local because it translates a distinct local Dalit culture for global exposure and recognition. It is socio-historically grounded in the poetics of pain, poetics of suffering and also in the poetics of what is called oppositional aesthetics. It is a revolt against dominant ideology and cultural hegemony. Reading Dalit Literature needs an open mind. How many readers would have this open mind? Ho...

... middle of paper ... shows the atrocities of the prevalent law and order that has ruptured the psyche of the black life. Morrison condemns the society for the misery of Pecola and not God. To accommodate Pecola within the social set up, the only thing needed is a humanized perception. Morrison exposes the hollowness of the prevalent religious practice and advocates humanism is the only religion that could bridge the gapbetweenthecolonizer/colonized,oppressor/oppressed,victimizer/victimized,dominant/dominated and subject/subjugated. This philosophical stand of Morrison transcends the boundaries of time and space and assumes a universal stature.

Works Cited

Apthekar,Herbert. Ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New
York:Citadel Press, 1951.
Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye . London: Picader, 1990.
------. Playing in the Dark. London: Picador, 1990.
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