The very basis of Martin Luther King Jr.’s success as a civil rights leader was his peaceful philosophies and protests; to meet violence with nonviolence. King’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance during the civil rights movement featured six important factors that united many African Americans that shared the same beliefs and encouraged civil obedience (The King Philosophy, www.thekingcenter.org). To begin with, King believed that the oppressed should fight injustice using nonviolent methods as well as accepting a nonviolent attitude. He also believed the oppressed should fight the injustice, not the people who bring injustice. Additionally, the concept of civil disobedience was advertised by King, so protesters can convey their concerns to their community and their opponents by disobeying all laws that involved segregation (Civil Disobedience, www.wikipedia.org).
The Brown v. Board of Education case was a start of many that began to transform American Democracy. African-Americans soon realized that they had to do something if they wanted to gain their rights back. They saw that they all had the responsibility to fight back against the government’s decision of de jure segregation. Many saw that they had to use the path of civil disobedience as portrayed through Martin Luther King Jr., but the rise of Black Nationalism made many people around the country forget that they had a responsibility as a people. Militant groups and leaders such as the Black Panther Party and Malcolm X started riots and “rebellions” that not only showed that they were very serious about gett... ... middle of paper ... ...journey on the road to integration when they first stepped foot on the American continent, but now had earned their right to be treated equally with their white brethren.
People must be brave and willing to ask or create a change. Unfortunately, the issue of discrimination against African Americans lasted a long time in the United States and still continues today. It required someone like Martin Luther King Jr. to encourage and bring many people together. It that made him looks like an extremist and eventually cost him his life, but America is more just today thanks to him.
The Ballot or the Bullet Prior to the realization of blacks as legitimate citizenry of the American nation, the state was faced with numerous attempts to bring the white majority to such a realization. The blacks, who were previously slaves in the land had been freed from slavery but had continuously been denied their basic civil rights and where the same was offered, was too remote as to be of significance. This saw the rise of the likes of Malcolm X, Dr. Martin Luther King, Adam Clayton Powell, and Reverend Galamison amongst others who tirelessly fought for the realization of such liberties to the point of their own deaths. Such efforts saw the rise of orators with an ability to move the thoughts of the masses on their current issues through public speeches. In 1963, such a scenario unfolded when Malcolm X gave a speech commonly referred to as ‘The ballot or the bullet’.
A Tumultuous Turning Point Few things have impacted the United States throughout its history like the fight for racial equality. It has caused divisions between the American people, and many name it as the root of the Civil War. This issue also sparked the Civil Rights Movement, leading to advancements towards true equality among all Americans. When speaking of racial inequality and America’s struggle against it, people forget some of the key turning points in it’s history. Some of the more obvious ones are the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves in the North, and Martin Luther King Jr.’s march on Washington D.C. in 1963.
Yet African Americans, like Martin Luther King Jr., followed in Thoreau’s footsteps by partaking in acts of civil disobedience. Sit-ins and peaceful rallies drew attention to the issue while keeping it from escalating into a much more violent problem. Thoreau’s ideas were becoming prevalent as they were used by Civil Rights Activists and the Supreme Court, in such cases as Brown v. Board of Education. The ideology that was created by Thoreau aided the activists and the government in their quest for equality and a more just system of law. The main goal of the Civil Rights Movement was to instate equality under the law.
(2). Underst... ... middle of paper ... ...trated through civil disobedience, which is halted by an authority that is greatly influenced by the ruling elite. In a similar case, Martin Luther King fought for black rights under racist attacks and a racist state. He was jailed numerous times, and ultimately killed for his actions, leaving a key legacy for the future to come. “One has not only a legal, but a moral responsibility to obey just laws.
From the founding of the United States of America, the American people agreed upon essential ideas to live by including unalienable rights including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. All American citizens were guaranteed these rights, except for the racially discriminated upon black Americans. After the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1864, former slaves were proclaimed free; yet they were exposed to significant discrimination in education, the workplace, and public accommodations. The civil rights movement began in an attempt to end racial discrimination and create a nation in which black Americans had the same opportunities as white Americans. The overall goals of the African American civil rights movement did not change during the 1960s.
King was able to show the whites the blacks deserve all the rights they have, because they can act in a civil manner to fight for what they think is right when faced in a situation that goes against what they believe. Showing this kind of organization and devotion made it possible for the integration of society.
Leonard L. Richards attempts to correct this general perspective in Who freed the slaves?. He argues that abolitionists were actually fighting an uphill battle throughout the civil war. Not only was there opposition from Democrats, the majority of Republicans was also against abolition. This only changed near the end of the civil war with countless endeavors to change public opinion and heavy secret bargaining. Before the