The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells” (Diabetes Mellitus). That is to say that “People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia” (“Diagnosis”). In order to seek the proper care for diabetes, patients must undergo: distinguishing its symptoms, classifying if it is pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes, and the proper treatment. The first step to knowing if you have diabetes is to identify its symptoms.
Diabetes mellitus is classified in two types: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Although the disease is "characterized by different etiologies" (Cohen, 2009, pg. 268), the outcome for both types is hyperglycemia. The pathophysicology of Diabetes mellitus is related to the hormone insulin, which is secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. Insulin's job is maintaining glucose level in the blood, allowing the body cells to use glucose as the main source of energy.
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. Without daily injections of insulin, people with type 1 diabetes will not survive. For that r... ... middle of paper ... ...portance of rotating injection sites. Works Cited * http://hubpages.com/hub/THE-DAMAGING-EFFECTS-OF-DIABETES-MELLITUS * http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090107104046AAlzBq1 * http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Diabetes/PreventionTreatmentofDiabetes/Medications_UCM_313870_Article.jsp American Diabetes Association. (2007).
Due to insulin resistance or failure of body cells to use insulin, glucose deposits in the blood instead of going into cells which mostly leads to many complications. (Mycek, 2007). SYMPTOMS: It is indicated that type 2 diabetes occurs due to a combination of environmental and genetic factors .Some of the symptoms of diabetes mellitus 2 include increased feeling of thirst and frequent urination, the urge to eat more, darkened patches of skin, and delayed healing of wounds and skin scratches, blurred vision accompanied by fatigue and an observable loss in weight (Hans, 2007). INCIDENCE RATE OF D... ... middle of paper ... ...e of diabetes mellitus: A study from India. Postgrad MED J.
During digestion, your body changes most of the foods you eat into glucose. Also during digestion, your body tells the pancreas to make important chemical called insulin. Insulin, like glucose enters your blood and travels to your cells. Glucose and insulin meet at your cells, where the insulin acts as a key unlocking the cells to let the glucose enter. Type 1 diabetes develops because the body destroys the beta cells in the islet tissue of the pancreas that produce insulin.
People with high blood sugar normally have diabetes because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin. Diabetes affects people who have an unhealthy life style and who have unhealthy weight. Type one is usually diagnosed during the early years of childhood. The exact cause for type one remains unknown. Type two usually occurs in adulthood, but young people are increasingly being diagnosed with this disease.
At the beginning of digestion, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose and other sugar molecules. Glucose is then directly absorbed into the bloodstream which causes blood glucose levels to peak. At the same time, the pancreas releases insulin to allow the glucose to be absorbed into cells either to be used as energy or stored. Once levels are balanced, the pancreas reduces production of insulin. In a patient with Type II diabetes, insulin may be produced and able to attach to receptor cells but glucose is unable to move into the cell to be used.
Diabetes ranks in as the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (FastStats, 2013).This disorder is known to be common, disabling and deadly. There are multiple types of diabetes including: type I, type II, and gestational diabetes (Diabetes, 2011).Diabetes is a lifelong disorder that has no known cure but with proper care can be kept under control for the affected person’s entire life. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder (NDIC).When a person is diagnosed with diabetes it means their body cannot use or store glucose properly because of a lack of insulin, an inability to use insulin, or both (Diabetes, 2011). Glucose, or sugar, is the main source of fuel for the body and is present every time food is digested. When glucose is present in the bloodstream it is then used for the growth and energy of cells (NDIC).
For people with no problems the intestines and stomach digest the carbohydrates that we take in into glucose, which is the body’s main source of energy. After we digest our food the glucose moves to the bloodstream. To get the glucose out of your blood and into the cells of your body the pancreas makes a hormone called insulin (Mayo Clinic, 2010). When you have gestational diabetes either your body does not make enough insulin during your pregna... ... middle of paper ... ...1). Gestational Diabetes .Retrieved from http://www.babycenter.com/0_gestational-diabetes_2058.bc Bennett, L.B., Bolem, S. Wilson, L.M., Bass, E.B., Nicholson, W.K.