Diseases That Haunt My Family Tree

800 Words4 Pages
It is common knowledge in the medical community, that certain diseases can be labeled as family traits. I remember entering a doctor’s office and being asked to complete the medical history form. That was the first time I learned that my maternal and paternal grandparents were diagnosed with the same diseases Type 2 diabetes and colon cancer. The ADA describes Type 2 diabetes as a chronic disease that occurs when a person’s body has trouble using insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the body move sugar from your blood into your muscles and cells for energy and storage. Type 2 diabetes can come in two forms; .1. Form one is when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin for the body. These patients would have to compensate with things such as insulin shots. My maternal first cousin has this health issue. He was diagnosed shortly after graduate school. 2. The second form is when the muscles and tissues resist or ignore the insulin provided. Unlike Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes develops over time, can be prevented, and is usually found in adults. Type1 diabetes is found in children and cannot be prevented. According to the ADA 26 million people have diabetes and most them are Type 2; 7 million others are living undiagnosed. Symptoms of diabetes are, frequent urination, very hungry or thirsty, very tired, frequent infections of urinary tract or skin, erectile dysfunction and pain, tingling or numbness in hands or feet. There are many things that put you at risk for diabetes. One major risk is poor diet and exercise. People with a sedentary lifestyle have a high risk. Those with a sedentary lifestyle coupled with poor diet, alcohol and drugs, put themselves in a ... ... middle of paper ... ...therapy and radiation therapy. References http://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes#text3 Alemzadeh R, Ali O. Diabetes mellitus. In: Kliegman RM, ed. Kliegman: (2011). Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders;:chap 583. Amorosa LF, Lee EJ, Swee DE. (2011) Diabetes mellitus. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders; chap 34. American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes -- (2013). Diabetes Care. 2013; Jan;33 Suppl 1:S11-S61. [PMC free article] [PubMed] Eisenbarth GS, Polonsky KS, Buse JB. (2008).Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. In: Kronenberg HM, Melmed S, Polonsky KS, Larsen PR. Kronenberg: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; chap 31. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150496.php
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