Furthermore Shakespeare encourages us to empathize with these emotions by using such rich descriptions. It could be perhaps argued that Hamlet's state of mind which has become debased, but this is until Horatio claims, "Something is rotten in the state of Denmark (I, IV, 90)." The notion of festering carrion being a metaphor for King Hamlets death epitomizes this notion. The ghost furthers this idea by stating at the moment of his death, his skin became "Most lazar-like with vile and loathsome crust all my smooth body (I, V, 72)." This attempts the elucidate on the feeling of death almost like becoming like a leper before death finally takes its toll.
When the ghost finally speaks, he tells Hamlet, “Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder. Murder most foul, as in the best it is, But this most foul, strange, and unnatural. ';(I.v.25-28) These quotes let Hamlet as well as the audience know that the fathers death was foul and unnatural contrary to popular belief. The spirit then reveals the murder to Hamlet by professing this: “A serpent stung me. So the whole ear of Denmark Is by a forged process of my death Rankly abused.
Hamlet is seen to have little respect for women resulting in him using broken love for Ophelia to cover up his plan to murder Claudius. Shakespeare also creates Hamlet to have a hamartia which is an inability to act leading to him manipulating people to achieve his goals. In the play, it is clear that Hamlet causes much grief and turmoil in Denmark and eventually leads to Denmark's rot and his demise.
The thought of knowing the secret of .your father’s murderer must be extremely agonizing. In Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, this is the unfortunate tragedy the Prince of Denmark faces. Shakespeare implies the pyramid structure using the five acts, which builds the intensity of the drama before revealing the tragic climax. Hamlet is ordered by the ghost of his beloved father to restore order to Denmark and seek revenge on Claudius. This young prince is eager to revenge his father’s death but he is not sure morally if it’s the right thing to do.
These lines serves to introduce the idea of sickness as well as build a sense of unease to darken the mood in preparation for the appearance of the ghost. Later, in a soliloquy, Hamlet reveals to us his anger, disgust, and sorrow towards Claudius and his mother for marrying too quickly especially so soon after the death of Old Hamlet. His speech is full of words that suggest disease and corruption especially when he says “tis an unweeded garden, that grows to seed; things rank and gross in nature” (1.2.145-36). Hamlet does not yet know that Claudius killed Old Hamlet, but he can sense that there is something wrong with Denmark, saying that it is descending into a state of decay. Shakespeare follows this up with having Marcellus say, “Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” (1.4.90).
The first line of the play creates an uncertainty and distrust tone whenever the author states, “Who’s there?” (1.1.1). This line informs the readers that the person there could range from a familiar friend to a stranger or maybe even a ghost. This tone of the author creates a suspicion of a downfall in Denmark because it foreshadows a tragic ending in the drama. This tone will continue throughout the play which makes the readers or audience interested in finding out the ending. Another example in the play that Shakespeare continues to develop this dark, uncertain tone is when he begins a scene at bitter cold midnight.
In the play Hamlet, the ghost of Hamlet Sr. appears, which brings about worry in the kingdom. This worry is shown when Marcellus says “ Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.” (Hamlet, Shakespeare, 1992, 1.4, 100) after the ghost appears from the watch. Furthermore, in the play Macbeth, the ghost of Banquo taunts Macbeth, which ultimately brings about fear in the audience. In other words, the ghost is like a symptom from a disease, and if not detected and destroyed, the disease could be fatal. In Hamlet’s case the disease is Claudius.
The marriage is also suspiciously corrupt because it took place only two months after the death of King Hamlet. Those circumstances cause Hamlet to become extremely upset at his mother for her apparent lack of mourning and helps support the idea of foul play King Hamlet’s death. Another example of the rottenness in Denmark is King Hamlet’s death. Unknown to the people of Denmark, it was Claudius who killed King Hamlet, and stole his crown and his wife. Claudius had won the love of Gertrude and then murdered the King by pouring the poisonous "juice of cursed hebona"(I.v.63) into his ear.
The reader is afforded a glimpse into the tragic lives of the characters that openly deceive and betray those considered most dear to them. The murder of King Hamlet sets the stage for the disastrous ruin of the kingdom, along with the lives of those living in it. The tragic lives of the characters, whose diseased method of thought clearly illustrate the fact that disease leads to eventual corruption. Work Cited Shakespeare, William. The New Cambridge Shakespeare: Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.
Hamlet and Disease Throughout the play Hamlet, Shakespeare displays many underlying themes by way of imagery. Throughout the story, disease plagues Denmark and the people in it, shown by imagery that Shakespear delivers consistently throughout. In the opening scene, Horatio makes an interesting statement: "As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood, Disasters in the sun; and the moist star upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse (1.1.117-120)." He compared the ghost as a possible sign of disaster or catastrophe in Denmark, as to what happened before the death of Julius Caesar. From the start of the play, Denmark was already tainted and wrought with disease that would eventually continue over the course of the play.