Discussing The Four Intellectual Development Disorders

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1. Describe the characteristics of a typical person for each of the four levels of intellectual developmental disorder (mild, moderate, severe and profound). 549-550 (299) When discussing the four intellectual development disorders we first need to know what each level is. The first level is mild( IQ 50-70) this level is also known as the educable level because the individual can benefit from schooling and can normal support there selves as adults. The individual who has this level usually demonstrates typical language, social, and play skills but they need assistance when in duress especially when academic and social demands present their self. Normally with time this level usually improves its self leaving the label behind. The second level is moderate (IQ 50-70)which is found earlier than mild because the individuals shows deficits in language development and play during preschool years. During middle school they show further delays in reading and number skills and adaptive skills. By the time they reach adulthood they usually acquire a fair degree of communication skills and learn to tend to their selves and they benefit from vocational training which makes it easier to function in the community with supervision. The third level is severe (IQ 20-34) which show up during infancy because the individual demonstrates motor and communication skills with neurological dysfunctions and brain seizures. In school the individual can string together two or three words when communicating and they require constant supervision. They can perform simple work in sheltered setting and benefit somewhat from vocational training. The individual can usually function well in the community if they live in a group home setting or with their families. ... ... middle of paper ... ...em to become destructive. Finally the third cause is when parents fail to provide for their child either by leaving and rejecting them, coercing them, or even abusing them(Comer, 2013, p.527). Some treatment plans for conduct disorder are sociocultural treatments which include the family since family is an important factor to the development of conduct disorder. Another treatment for conduct disorder is prevention that begins in the early stages of childhood to prevent the unfavorable behavior/action form happening. It also provides programs for training opportunities to educate the child on appropriate behaviors and including the family members (Comer, 2013, p.52, 530). References Comer, R. J. (2013) Abnormal Psychology, 8th Ed. New York, NY: Worth Publishers. References Comer, R. J. (2013) Abnormal Psychology, 8th Ed. New York, NY: Worth Publishers
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