Discuss how information processing varies between individual racket and team activities

1146 Words5 Pages
Phil

Durrant

Discuss how information processing varies between individual racket

and team activities

The performance of sport requires a large amount of input mentally as

well as physically. Competitive sport is always about choosing the

right skill for the right situation with as little delay as possible

to give the most effective outcome. The process by which it is done is

the information processing system, which uses our bodily senses to

take in a given situation and make a decision. It is also known as the

DCR process, we detect, compare which previous experiences and then

react appropriately:

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In the diagram below is Welford's (1968) model of information

processing. He said that information taken in through the senses is

stored before it is arranged and prioritised. The decision is then

made once the short-term memory of all the events that have just taken

place are compared with the long-term memory of past experience. The

decision is carried out and this is stored for future reference

[IMAGE]

Tennis is a good example to use to apply the information processing

model to sport. Firstly the senses are used to detect stimuli. There

are three main ways in which the senses are used, vision, audition,

and proprioception. Vision is an essential component of input. We see

objects, team-mates and the opposition. When visual stimuli are

brighter the information is taken in more quickly. The display shows

the ball coming towards us. Dull information is often ignored as weak

impulses are received or sometimes none at all. Audition is the

information taken in through the ears, the sound of the ball hitt...

... middle of paper ...

...the opposing player on.

In conclusion it is possible to say that the main variation in racket,

individual and team sport is the time it takes to process the

information received. It has been discovered that there are various

factors that influence the response time. These factors include:

· Intensity of stimuli

· Readiness to accept stimuli

· Experience

· Alertness/psychological state

· Level of fitness

All the delays occur mainly in the perception stage where all the

information is being sorted out. With training and experience it

becomes possible to block out distractions and irrelevant information

and if coaching is concentrated on this, then the performer will

inevitably be more successful. Learning a skill is one thing, but

knowing when to use that skill is where it matters in sport.

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