Discuss The Social And Social Differences And Differences Between New England Middle And Southern Colonies

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The Social, Ethnic, and Economic Differences among the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies The original thirteen colonies, established in the 1600’s, shaped the course for the unique, unified and diverse America that we live in today. The thirteen colonies were initially diversified by being placed into three different groups according to their location. The three groups were as follows: the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. The New England colonies were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. The Middle colonies were New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. And the Southern colonies were the Carolinas, Georgia, Maryland, and Virginia. The colonies were unified and stood together in hard times,…show more content…
Many of the New England colonists were white and the most prominent and religious families owned the best land. They had a system of self-government in these colonies which had representative town meetings across the colonies. The life expectancy of its citizens became longer than that of the Middle and Southern colonies because of the cooler climate they were accustomed to in Britain. The New England colonies were more industrialized and had built more towns than the others, causing the New England colonies social life to be more active than the other colonies and were centered around the towns. Many of the Southern colonists were primarily white and black, with the minority consisting of free men and women and the majority consisting of laborers and slaves. Many of the white men were plantation owners or smaller landowners who would employ indentured servants, meaning they had a tiered social class with the plantation owners at the top of the pyramid and slaves at the bottom of the pyramid. The Southern colonies created the House of Burgesses which was the first example of a representative government in America. The warm climate gave rise to a number of diseases that the colonists were not immune to causing their life expectancy to be shorter than that of the New England colonists. The Southern colonies were more rural and the towns were spaced apart further meaning the colonists did not interact with each other as much as the New England colonists. The Middle colonist’s population came from all around the world and the social class was mostly white. Social differences were clearly apparent here more than any other of the colonies. You had the Dutch landowners of New York, who were at the top of the social pyramid. You had the traders and merchants whom formed a middle class far below these landowners and not far

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