Child Carer 9. Retail check-out operator 10. Hair dresser Although the equal Pay Act gives equal pay to women if they do the same or similar work as men, it is revealed above that women often do not do the same work as men which as a result means that they have no one to claim equal pay with. It is a sad fact that in 1997, women made up about 2/3 of all low-paid workers. Another reason wh... ... middle of paper ... ... result of the improving position of women.
British Women's Independence at the end of 20th Century I believe that although women in general had made huge advances towards equality with men by the end of the twentieth century there were still many areas in which there was still very little equality. I also believe that in different groups in British society women have advanced in equality in different ways, and at different rates. In the workplace women have made advances towards equality, as the number of working women both married and un-married has been rising steadily since the 1980's. In some jobs such as teaching there are now a majority of working women, roughly 57% of teachers are women. However, there are other areas in which women are still a long way behind men, and in many of the high class jobs this is the situation.
Currently, women make up more than half of the population and make up 46.9% of the U.S. labor force. This noteworthy increase of women in the labor force has revealed that women are succeeding at the expense of men, who now face a drop in the economic and social status. Yet, women still have yet to gain equality with men in the workplace. While the pay gap has narrowed since 1973, the gender pay gap is affecting women across all industries and education levels. In 99% of occupations women will earn less than the men.
“Women were overrepresented in several industries and underrepresented in others. For example, in 2010, women represented 79 percent of the health and social services workforce and 68.6 percent of the education services workforce. However, women represented only 43.2 percent of the professional, scientific and technical services sector and 8.9 percent of the construction sector” (DOL 2011). Women are normally told they should work here or there because society believes women work better in some situations and worst in other situations then me. Even when women and men work the same job and same level still make less on average than men There are huge gender pay gaps between men and women in America and in the world.“In 2010, American women on average earned 81 percent of what their male counterparts earned” (BLS 2010; DOL 2011).
At the end of it all we cannot fix what we do not know. Wage discrimination practices need to be address quickly. Female workers who are victims of wage discrimination have less disposal income, so they spend and save much less than their male counterparts, which in turns affects the economy. Meanwhile employers profit marginal have continued increasing steady over the years, so employers are legally robbing us all directly or indirectly and there is not much been done about it according to the current data on the wage gap between male and female workers.
In 1914, only one third of all women in Britain were in some form of paid employment, and generally, women's jobs were lower paid than men's. The attitude towards women in 1914 was that there was no place for them in the manual industry or transport. They were regarded as inferior to men and less intelligent. Their place was supposedly in the home; as a housewife/nanny. However, since the 1880's, attitudes towards women improved slowly; for example; better education for women was brought in 1898.
New strides have been made in levelling the career playing field with the advancements in technology and changes in the availability of educational programs. Careers thought in the past to be traditionally male oriented are becoming more female affiliated. For example construction or police work, females have trouble entering and maintaining their careers. According to Statistic Canada, 67% of all employed women are working in one of teaching, nursing and related health occupations. However, jobs in SET sectors such as engineers, artisans and construction workers have revealed that there are too few women in these positions.
Consequently, women who choose to divide their time between work and their family life will undoubtedly earn less. In fact, women ages 27-33 who have no children actually earn 98 percent of men’s wages according to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. 1 As these examples suggest, discriminatory pay practices persist, leading to lower wages for women, even when they perform the same job as men. 2 It is difficult to decide what can be done to close the wage gap between men and women. However, several steps have been taken to ensure equal opportunities for both sexes.
Gender equality has renovated our societies in the past 50 years (Bain & Co 2013). The conventional view of women, the caregiver, now gained equal working and educational rights to men. In Britain, women comprise almost half of the total workforce (xxxxx). However, the increasing number of female participants does not secure greater economic powers, few women embody top management roles, men and women are being far more equal. Individual, social and organizational burdens set up barriers for women to achieve success.
Women in America had not been working until the start of World War II. Since then, policies have been established to help to counter the discrimination against women in the workforce. Policies like Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1964 and Equal Pay act of 1963 had been implemented in order for women to be seen as equals in the labor workforce. However, many believe that women are actually paid less compared to men leading to a growing debate on whether a gender wage gap exists or not. This can attribute to a variety of contributors leading to women having lower wages than men.